lyric poem with a silent but identifiable listener in which the speaker tells about a dramatic moment in his life, and in doing so, reveals character.
a poem of lament, meditating the death of an individual
a long narrative poem which gives an account of a hero important to his nation or race
subjective, reflective poetry, revealing the speaker’s thoughts.
poems which tell a story
14 lines of iambic pentameter
has an octave (first 8 lines) and a sestet (last 6).
Octave usually states a problem or asks a question, and the sestet answers or expands on the octave. Rhyme scheme: abba abba then a combo of c,d,e
has 3 quatrains (4 lines) and a couplet (2 lines). First quatrain gives a theme, the next two quatrains expand on the theme, and the final couplet is either a summary or a reversal. Rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef gg
like Shakespearean sonnet with a linking rhyme: abab bcbc cdcd ee.
French verse form strictly calculated to appear simple and spontaneous.
Consists of 5 tercets (3 lines) and a final quatrain, rhyming aba aba aba aba aba abaa. Lines 1, 6, 12, 18 and lines 3, 9, 15, 19 are refrain.