MAGPULHINAccordingto an educational essay written by Nevid (2009), parental responsibilitiesstart soon after birth, play a significant role and leave an impact on child’soverall life. Most of the parents usually develop their own parenting styleusually based upon amalgamation of factors such as children’s temperament andparenting style influenced by their own upbringing, what they observed in otherfamilies, what they have been trained and the surrounding culture. There is nohard and fast rule about parenting.
It usually evolves with the passage of timeas children grow up and develop their personalities. The quality of parentingis an important influence on children’s intellectual, emotional and socialdevelopment. Sousa (2016) said that there aremany different styles of raising children, all of which have differing effectson how they develop psychologically. It is important to be an authoritativeparent, enforcing rules and expectations so that the child grows up with alearned sense of morality. However, parents who take their authority to anextreme level, expecting unquestioned obedience from their child, are known asauthoritarian parents. This parenting style has negative effects of the social and cognitive development of children. Furthermore, Morawska (2007) statedthat the progress in children’s achievement is influenced by the decision thatis made by both parents and their children to cooperate or confront each. Also,children’s academic motivation and behavior are directly influenced by familyactivities and parents’ behavior, which are seen as the external factor.
Forinstance, there is a positive outcome for 13 both parents and children whenparents interact in a fun and loving way during children’s homework time. SALCEDOAsreported by Ladd et al. (2011), the evidence linking parental knowledge aboutthe specific ways in which parents can help children develop cognitive andacademic skills, including skills in math, is limited. However, the availablecorrelational data show that parents who know about how children developlanguage are more likely to have children with emergent literacy skills (e.
g.,letter sound awareness) relative to parents who do not. Gitman(2017) has given emphasis to the behavioral effects of parenting laying in itsadvantages that even though children have already tried smoking andwine-drinking in protest, deep down they know that it is necessary to lead ahealthy lifestyle. They think of their status, maintain healthy habits and takean active part in their own well-being thanks to the high level ofself-discipline and self-organization, instilled in them by their strictparents.
Asstated in an article written by Markham (2017), harsh limits may temporarilycontrol behavior, but they don’t help a child learn to self-regulate. Instead,harsh limits trigger a resistance to taking responsibility for themselves.There is no internal tool more valuable for kids than self-discipline, but itdevelops from the internalization of loving limits. No one likes to becontrolled, so it’s not surprising that kids reject limits that aren’tempathic.
They see the “locus of control” outside of themselves,rather than wanting to behave. MARCO Catalina (2017) discussed that whenparents said something, children never even tried to express their own opinion.They didn’t listen to their children and they knew that. They didn’t raisetheir voice in defense of themselves and didn’t even think of slamming the doorof their room or running away from home. Rebellionism wasn’t their thing.Moreover,she discussed that children surely know tons of swear words but they just don’tuse them. They were taught that cursing is a habit of bad-mannered, rude peopleand it’s actually true. Strict parents want their kids to have good speakingskills so they set an example and do anything possible to cut swear words outof the family life.
Ina literature written by McCollum and Ostrosky (2008), parents also facilitatetheir children’s development of friendships by engaging in positive socialinteraction with them and by creating opportunities for them to be social withpeers. Zagata(2017) emphasized that children learn to control their behavior since they areyoung if they have strict parents who often set up boundaries and limits.Strict parents are also known for having consistency in applying disciplinaryactions. Because of the strict parents and their rules, the children are lesslikely to submit to peer pressure or have risky behaviors. Because they aretaught be have this characteristic from a young age, they are less likely todevelop them in adulthood and have better self-control.