Many years ago some people tryto create an international organization that will be responsible about themaritime issues. Without success, the assemblies took place, the first in Washington(1889) and the second in St. Petersburg (1912).
During the World War II it wasnecessary to solve some troubles about the allied navy. Firstly created the MaritimeManagement Council that next the United Maritime Authority (1944). In theMaritime Conference of United States in Geneva in 1948 with the with thepresence of all the country was accepted the convention that create the IMCO. Almost 40 years later changethe name and from IMCO became IMO, with the consequence of upgrading the role. Specificallythe specifications became more development and most hardly for thecountries-member.
For the implementation of this decision need the signatureform 21 countries-member of which 7 should have navy more than 1 million. Is responsible for measures toenhance the safety and at ease of global and to protect marine contaminationfrom ships. It additionally worried in crook topics which include liability andreimbursement troubles and the facilitation of world maritime traffic. IMOcurrently 172 members – states and they meet every 2 years. IMO is a small butcritical UN specialized business enterprise with around three hundredworkforce. The enterprise include assembly, council and five importantcommittees. The governing frame of the IMO isthe assembly, composed of all IMO members.
The meeting determines thepaintings program and vote on the budget to which all participants contributeit. The council plays all functions of the agency excepted of recommending. Theadoption of maritime safety rules a prerogative of Maritime safety Committee.The council also has an crucial position.
Drafts of worldwide gadgets andformal suggestions ought to be authorized by using the council earlier thanthey may be submitted to the assembly. The council is made from fortyparticipants elected through the meeting for two years phrases. The Maritimesafety Committee, the legal Committee, the technical Cooperation and the Secretariatheaded with the aid of a secretary widespread.