Mechanics of Poetry Terms

Topics: LifeLove

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Last updated: November 30, 2019

Meter
The rhyming system for rhythms in poetry

Rhythm
The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

Metrics
The study of meter or versification, can also be called prosody

Scan
(v.) To mark the stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

Feet
The basic unit of a meter, always two or three syllables

Iamb
Unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllableu /

Trochee
Stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable/ u

Anapest
Unstressed syllable, unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllableu u /

Dactyl
Stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables/ u u

Spondee
Two stressed syllables, usually using a hyphenated word; true-blue/ /

Pyrrhus
Two unstressed syllablesu u

Bacchic
One unstressed syllable followed by two stressed syllablesu / /

Antibacchic
Two stressed syllables followed by one unstressed syllable/ / u

Amphibrach
An unstressed syllable, followed by a stressed syllable, followed by an unstressed syllableu / u

Cretic
A stressed syllable, followed by an unstressed syllable, followed by a stressed syllable/ u /

Rhyme
Repetition of similar sounds among separate syllables

Masculine
One rhyming syllable is shared between two words

Feminine
Two rhyming syllables are shared between two words

Triple
Three rhyming syllables are shared between two words

Identical
Every sound is exactly the same among rhyming syllables

Exact
Rhyming syllables’ sounds sound similar

Approximate
Rhyming syllables that have little in common, faint audio connection and doesn’t sound conventional

End
Rhymes happening at the ends of lines, do not have to be consecutive lines

Initial
Rhymes happening at the beginnings of lines do not have to be consecutive lines

Internal
Rhymes happening within a single line

Mosaic
Make one word rhyme with two words “Chorus, Before Us” (Also feminine)

Broken
Deliberately breaking a word to make the first syllable of a word rhyme with a syllable in the surrounding line(s)

Eye
Words appear to rhyme better than they do, optical illusion “Love, Prove”

Rhyme Scheme
Pattern of end rhymes marked with lowercase letters of the alphabet

Stanzas
A group of related lines in a poem connected by concept/theme or rhyme scheme

Distich
Two line unrhymed stanza

Couplet
Two line rhymed stanza

Tercet
Three line stanza with some rhyme scheme

Quatrain
Four line stanza with some rhyme scheme

Cinquain
Five line stanza with some rhyme scheme

Sestet
Six line stanza with some rhyme scheme

Rime Royal
Seven line stanza

Ottava Rima
Eight line stanza

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