MHS Literature Drama Terms

Topics: ArtComedy

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Last updated: May 5, 2019

script
the written form, made up of dialogue spoken by the characters and stage directions that explain the setting and tell the actors how to give expression to emotional and physical movements.

spectacle
the visual portrayal of meaning, providing unique elements such as lighting, costumes, props, music and sound effects

comedy
a lighthearted or humorous work that typical presents characters with limitations and misunderstandings

tragedy
portrays the fall of a person of high status, such as a king or a god. It celebrates the courage and dignity of a tragic hero in the face of inevitable doom

playwright
author of a play

exposition
background information

stage directions
notes included in a play that describe how something should be performed on stage, it helps the director guide the actors

character
an individual who takes part in the action of a literary work

protagonist
another name for the main character

antagonist
who goes against the main character

foil
a character whose traits contrast with and therefore highlight the traits of another character

irony
the difference between appearance and reality

dramatic irony
when something is known by the reader or audience but unknown to the character

verbal irony
when a character says one thing, but means another

irony of situation
when an event occurs that violates the expectations of the characters, the reader, or the audience

dialogue
conversation between two or more characters

monologue
character speaks aloud or directly to the audience or another character in the play

soliloquy
character is alone on stage speaking his or her thoughts

aside
character literally turn to the audience and comments on the situation, could have a humorous effect

motif
a recurring element or pattern, such as the notion of embarking on a quest or being transformed from one state to another

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