Modernism Literature Review

Topics: ArtArtists

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Last updated: April 28, 2019

World War I’s original name
“The Great War”

Years of Modernism Era
1914-1939

Causes of Americans reexamining their ideals
World War I and the Great Depression

Acronymn for the “American Dream”
I-OP2: Independence and Individualism, Optimism, Opportunity

Modernism Definition
Movement in the arts and literature calling for bold experimentation and complete rejection of traditional themes and styles

Optimism
A belief in progress, that life will only get better (this was questioned in the Modernist era)

Ralph Waldo Emerson
championed the ideal of the independent, self-reliant person during the Romantic era (questioned during Modernist era)

Two intellectual theories that influenced Modernism
Marxism and psychoanalysis

Marxism
Socialist beliefs of Karl Marx that powered the Russian Revolution in 1917

psychoanalysis
The founder of this theory was Sigmund Freud

stream of consciousness
a narrative style influenced by psychoanalysis in which a character’s perceptions and memories are told moment-by-moment

The Jazz Age
A term coined by F. Scott Fitzgerald

Prohibition
The constitutional ban of manufacture and sale of alchohol

Results of Prohibition
bootleggers, speak-easys, the short-skirted flapper, new rythms of jazz, and the gangster

Women
Gained the right to vote in 1920 and created a presence in literature and artistic circles

Expatriotism
Many artists and writers–including F.

Scott Fitzgerald, T.S. Eliot, and e.e. cummings, abandoned America for life in France

Ernest Hemingway
Developed a new kind of hero in literature

The Hemingway Hero
A man of action who has a code of honor, but is disilussioned with the world he lives in.

Experimentation in Poetry
The symbolists and the imagists’ styles

Robert Frost
Used traditional style and form with unique poetic voice. “Two roads diverged in a wood, and I,I took the one less traveled by,And that has made all the difference.”

Harlem Renaissance
A movement of Africna American artists, musicians, and literature

Influences of Harlem Renaissance poets
spirituals, jazz, blues, and the street talk of the ghettos

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