(Most) Literary Terms w/ some examples

Topic: EnvironmentNatural Disasters
Sample donated:
Last updated: April 28, 2019
Litote
Trying to convey a message by denying the opposite of what you mean.Example = “That sword was not useless to the warrior now.”

Kenning
Kenning: Serves the purpose of metaphorExample = Helmet bearers for Warriors

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Verbal Irony
What is said is the opposite of what is meant.Example = Referring to Lady Macbeth as “Gentle Lady.”

Framed Narrative
Smaller stories within a story.Example = Canterbury tales is a framed narrative.

Foil
Character whose personality is opposite to another.Example = Cinderella’s sisters were mean. They could be called foils to show how good Cinderella was.

Equivocation
Telling something that is not false, but doesn’t reveal the unpleasant truth.Example = Witches telling Macbeth about becoming King, but hiding the path he would take to attain it.

Allusion
Referring to something outside the text. (History, Literature, Famous event.)Example = Her love for the man was her Achilles heal.

–> Achilles heal = Allusion

Foreshadowing
Hinting to something that is to come.

Comitatus
Loyalty to the kingExample = “We only serve you my Lord.”

Epic
A long poem about a hero’s deedExample = Beowulf

Epic Hero
Main character of the epicExample = Beowulf

Couplet
AA, BB, CC Rhyme Scheme

Aside
Something that is said to the audience.

Not the character.

Apostrophe
Addressing an someone or an imaginary personExample = Macbeth seeing apparition at the Banquet

Motif
A recurring element in a story

Ode
A poem dedicated to someone / thing

Oxymoron
A contradictory statement.Example = silent scream

Paradox
A situation that defies logic. Self contradictory statement. Example = Going back in time to kill your dad/mom..

.how would you be there to go back in time?

Personification
When an animal or object is given human characteristics

Quatrain
A stanza of 4 lines.

Romance(Genre)
Courtly love, ChivalryExample = Sir Gawain

Horatian Satire
Bring out the bad characteristics to show good ones.Example = Homer in Simpsons.

They make fun of his obesity and stupidity, but it teaches morals and lessons.

Juvenal Satire
Addresses corruption in society through a narrative. More abrasive and addresses evils.Example = LOTF. Showing the evil side of man and human nature.

Simile
Comparison using like or as.Example = ……Pretty self explanatory

Soliloquy
A speech made to one’s selfExample: “If it were done when tis done.”

Sonnets
14 Lines.Every other line rhymes except the ending couplet.

Tragic Hero
A person with flaws that brings on a tragedy.Example = Macbeth

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