MTEL English Literature periods and authors

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Last updated: May 14, 2019
Precolonial Literature
Folklore, Myths, cultural and religious rituals.

Colonial Literature
religion and politics; plain rhetoric

Pre/Colonial Writers
Bradford, Bradstreet, Byrd, Edwards, Mather Smith, Winthrop

Revolutionary Literature
Ben Franklin – end of Puritan ideology, beginning of American myth telling

Revolutionary Writers
John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson

Romantic Literature
Distinct American writing, slavery novels, Transcendentalism,

Romanticism
considered nature to be the swelling place of divinity

Literary Independence
entirely American point of view

Romantic Writers
Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, Edgar Allan Poe, Thoreau

Civil War Literature
abolition of slavery/ Civil War themes

Civil War Writers
Frederick Douglas, Abraham Lincoln,

Local Color Literature
conformity, self-discpline, dreams of materialism, rags to riches stories

Local Color Writers
Willa Cather, Kate Chopin, Emily Dickinson

Realism
scientific interest by Darwin, strong social consciousness, went out of its way to point out cruel and ugly side of real life

Humanism
emphasized man’s freedom of will; self-restraint as the highest ethical principle

Realism Writers
Edith Wharton

Naturalism
focused on a man’s subjection to natural law, natural selection.

man controlled by passion and environment

naturalism Writers
JackLondon, Stephen Crane

American Modernism
alienation and disconnection, paved way for multicultural lit, wrote from certain social cultural and ethnic perspectives

Modern Writers
Faulkner, Fitzgerald, Hemingway, Steinbeck, Eliot, Cummings, Frost

Harlem Renaissance
black prose and poetry

Harlem Renaissance Writers
Langston Hughes, Zora Neal Hurston,

Twentieth Century
blurring the lines of reality, individual in isolation.

20th Century Writers
Kerouac, Sylvia Plath, JD Salinger, Maya Angelou, James Baldwin, Toni Morrison, Amy Tan,

Old English Lit
heroic ages, epic battles, supernatural characters (BEOWULF)

Medevial Lit
morality plays; themes of vice vs. virtue; allegories; folk ballads

medevial Lit Writers
Chaucer

Renaissance British Lit
religious and scientific inquiry

the Reformation
challenging the practices of the church

Elizabethan period
literary group, theater!

Elizabethan writers
Shakespeare, Marlowe

Shakespeare Sonnet
octave (8 lines) conflict and a seset 96) lines resolves conflict

Jacobean
metaphysical poetry; means of structure; anxiety about the church and law (Francis Bacon)

Carolinean
carpe diem lifestyle

Commonwealth Age
restoration comedies, sexually explicit, murder, incest and madness (John Dryden)

18th Century Lit
reasoned arguments, good humor, common sense, newspapers, satire and comedy

18th Century Writers
Jonathan Swift, Alexander Pope

British Romantic Period
passion, imagination, deep sense of wonder and mystery

British Romantic Writers
William Blake, Wordswort, John Keats, Shelley, Jane Austen

Early Victorian
embraced the nation’s identity; lonely and complex individuals

Early Victorian writers
Charlotte Bronte, Dickens, Browning,

Middle Victorian
tension between middle class values and commitment to values, realism as a way of looking at the world

Middle Victorian writers
Lewis Carroll, Darwin, George Eliot, Lord Tennyson,

Late Victorian
skepticism toward traditional morality, Darwinism, described people as real people instead of heroes.

Late Victorian writers
Robert Louis Stevenson, Oscar Wilde

20th century British lit
portray anxiety of changing society, photography and film, modernism, existentialism

20th century British writers
James Joyce, Salmon Rushdie, Orwell, DH LAwrence

Ancient Greek lit
Greek comedies and tragedies, epics, Homer, Socrates, plato, Aristotle

Ancient Roman lit
high-edge life of roman elite, Virgil and Ovid

Middle Ages
colloquial humor, Dante Aligheri

Modern World literature
fururism, shifting and uncertain nature of reality, Nabokov, Sartre, Rilke, Tolstoy, Achebe,

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