Mumbai Transport Infrastructure- Overview13 Million people travel via public transport in Mumbai. BEST & Railways constitute almost 80% of the rider base. But still there are a lot of areas in city and suburbs are not served by the railways. In short a robust, efficient and economical public transport system is a necessity for this city where railways are called “Lifeline” of Mumbai.Addressing both the present and future needs was the clarion call. Government of Maharashtra through the Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority has planned a 146 kilometre long rail based Mass Rapid Transit System (MRTS) for Mumbai to be built under multiple phases.The project was implemented under the BOOT method and is India’s first Public Private Partnership metro project in which the phases of construction, operation and maintenance were given to private players.
This project is the first corridor of the proposed MRTS. The “Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar” line shall be an elevated line with a route length of 11 kms, with 12 stations and a car depot situated at D.N.
Nagar.The existing sub-urban trains connect the northern and southern parts of the city.This project will provide East-West rail based connectivity to Central and Western suburbs. The project will bring down the travel time from Andheri to Ghatkopar down to 21 minutes by means of the Metro against the 90 minutes it took by other means of transport.Mumbai Transport Infrastructure- LoopholesRail NetworkFailed to keep pace with demandWhile the suburban rail traffic increased by almost 6 times, the capacity increased by only 2.3 timesStrong mismatch in Demand & Supply: Trains capable of carrying 1700-1800 passengers are handling between 4000-5000 passengers on a daily basis.Bus NetworkConstraints to expand the existing roadways in the city to meet the future demandsNumber of cars in Mumbai has grown by 51% in the last 6 yrs, which has led to road congestion and the city being tagged as one of the most polluted cities in the world