Music Literature – Exam 1 (Musical Terms)

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Last updated: May 4, 2019

What is a note?
A note is a musical sound, but is experienced through duration, and we perceive a loudness through amplitude.

What a melody?
The line, or tune in music. Directly appeals to listener.

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Heard as a recognizable whole.

What are the elements of melody?
Range, or distance between highest and lowest notes.Contour, overall shape of the musicand Movement

What is range?
The distance between highest and lowest notes.

Contour?
Overall shape of music.

What are intervals?
Distance between any 2 tones in music.

What is counter-melody?
A melody added in conjunction with another, to establish relative importance over another.

What is rhythm?
The movement of music in timed combinations of notes

What is beat?
Basic unit of rhythm or a pulse that divides time into equal segments.

What effect does an accented beat have on rhythm?
It groups beats together.

Syncopation?
Deliberate upsetting of the normal pattern of accents.

What is a chord?
Simultaneous sounding of three or more pitches, chords are built from a particular scale, or sequence of pitches.

What are scales?
A particular collection of pitches arranged in ascending or descending order.

What is meter?
Organizing patterns of rhythmic pulses.

What is harmony?
Describes the sounding of notes to form chords, or the progression from one chord to another.

What can harmony achieve?
Movement and progressionOrder and unity

What is Monophony?
Single-voiced, or many voices acting as one.

Homophony?
1 single voice taking over melodic interest.

Polyphony?
2 or more different melodic lines are combined to produce “many voices.”

Homorhythm?
All voices or lines move together in the same rhythm.

What is counter-point?
One musical line set against another.

Variety, or texture.
An interesting texture combines melody and interweaves it with harmony, leading to an interesting and recognizable composition.

What is musical form?
A work’s structure or shape.

What is strophic form?
Where the same melody is repeated with each stanza of text.

What is binary form?
2-part, based on statement and departure.

What is ternary form?
Extends the idea of binary form, by bringing back the first section

What is tempo?
The rate of speed, or pace of the the music.

What are dynamics?
Describe the volume, or how loud or soft the music is played.

How can a composer or a performer add expression to his music?
Through the use of tempo and dynamics.

What are aerophones?
Instruments that use air: flutes & horns.

What are chordophones?
Produce sound from bowing, plucking.

What are idiophones?
Use the physicality of the instrument itself: cymbals, rattles, bells..

. etc.

What are membranophones?
Drum-type instruments.

What is a chorus?
Large body of singers who perform together.

What is a cappella singing?
Singing without accompaniment.

What is a string quartet?
2 violins, a viola, and cello.

What is a duo sonata?
Soloist with piano.

What is a piano quartet?
Group with PianoViolinViolaCello

What is a string quintet?
Ensemble made of 2 violins, 2 violas, and 1 cello.

What is a piano quintet?
Piano +String quartet.

Woodwind quintet?
Flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, French horn.

What is a brass quintet?
2 trumpets, French horn, trombone, tuba.

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