Date of the Romantic Period
Characteristics of the Romantic Period
characterized by individuality, expressive aims & subjects, nationalism, exoticism, program music, expressive tone color, colorful harmony, expanded range of dynamic, pitch, & tempo.
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The Art Song
setting of a poem for solo voice and piano, translating the poem’s mood and imagery into music
concluding section; the section at the end of an art song which sums up its mood, played by the piano or the orchestra, without the voice
vocal form in which the same music is repeated for each stanza of a poem
new music for each stanza- allows music to reflect a poem’s changing mood
modified strophic form
form in which two or more stanzas of poetry are set to the same music while other stanzas have new music; found in art songs
group of art songs unified by a story line that runs through their poems, or by musical ideas linking the songs
War of the Romantics
battle between Conservative and Progressive.
Progressive (“New German School”) sounds more modern and supports program music. Leaders were Liszt and Barlioz. Conservative’s were more similar to ‘classical’ music and believed in absolute music, or nonprogram music.
Leader was Brahms.
instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene. Examples include Berlioz’s Fantastic Symphony and Tchaikovsky’s Romeo and Juliet. They depict emotions, characters, and events, or the sounds and motions of nature.
symphony related to a story idea or scene, in which each movement usually has a descriptive title. Typically has 5 movements
has one movement, usually in sonata form. The romantic concert overture was modeled after the opera overture, a one-movement composition that established the mood of an opera.
Symphonic Poem (tone poem)
programmatic composition for orchestra in one movement, which may have a traditional form (such as sonata or rondo) or an original, irregular form
music to be performed before and during a play. setting the mood for the drama
Inclusion of folk songs, dances, legends, and other national material in a composition to associate it with the composer’s homeland
uses chords containing tones not found in the prevailing major or minor scale
instrumental music associated with a strong poem, story, idea, or scene
non program music