How many notes in a scale does an octave span?
How many notes make up a pentatonic scale?
In harmony, a place of rest and return is…?
The three basic triads in our musical system are the tonic, the dominant, and…?
A texture featuring a single, unaccompanied line is called…?
The procedure in which a melodic idea is presented in one voice and then restated in another is called…?
The technique through which performers create music on the spot is known as…?
What would binary form be described as?
The compositional technique whereby a composer searches out a theme’s capacity for growth and expansion is…?
The rate of speed at which a piece of music is played is its…?
In what language are tempo markings generally given?
Accelerando is a term indicating that the tempo is…?
What dynamic marking is indicated as the softest?
soprano, alto, tenor, bass
The standard ranges of the human voice from highest to lowest are…?
violin, viola, cello, double bass
What is the correct order of bowed string instruments from highest to lowest in range?
The special effect produced on a string instrument by plucking the string with the finger is called…?
The highest sounding member of the woodwind family is…?
The bass instrument in the brass family is…?
Timpani are members of what family of instruments?
its wide dynamic range
The piano got its name, originally “pianoforte,” from…?
without any accompaniment
The term a cappella refers to choral music performed…?
What is the name for a Balinese or Javanese orchestra made up largely of gongs, drums, and xylophone-like instruments?
Which instruments are traditionally seated in the front of the orchestra?
A succession of single tones or pitches perceived as a unit is called…?
The distance between two pitches is called…?
What term describes a melody that moves by small intervals?
its range, shape, and the way it moves
A melody can be characterized by…?
A unit of meaning within a larger structure of a melody is called…?
The resting place at the end of a phrase is called…?
One melody added to, or played against another melody is called…?
Music is propelled forward in time by…?
Beats that are more strongly emphasized than others are said to be…?
Meters in which each beat is subdivided into three rather than two are known as…?
The deliberate shifting of the accent to a weak beat or an offbeat is called…?
The simultaneous use of two or more rhythmic patterns is called…?
A combination of three or more tones that constitutes a single block of harmony is called…?
What is the most common chord type found in Western music, a three-note chord, and is built on alternate scale steps?
The first note of the scale is called the…?
A combination of tones that sounds discordant, unstable, or in need of resolution is called…?
A drama that is sung is called…?
The vocal style in opera that imitates the natural inflections of speech is called…?
A highly emotional song in an opera is called…?
The orchestral introduction heard at the beginning of an opera is called…?
The text of an opera is called…?
Who is best viewed as the first master of opera?
A type of English entertainment combining music, poetry, and dance was called…?
The greatest native-born English composer of the Baroque was…?
a production at a girls’ school
Purcell’s opera “Dido and Aeneas” was composed for…?
Who was the librettist of Purcell’s “Dido and Aeneas?”
On which epic poem was Purcell’s opera “Dido and Aeneas” based?
Dido sings her famous lament in Purcell’s opera “Dido and Aeneas” just prior to…?
over a ground bass
Dido’s Lament from Purcell’s opera “Dido and Aeneas” is composed…?
It suggests Cupid walking.
Why does the opening melodic line ascend in Strozzi’s “Amor dormiglione?”
T/F In opera, the lyric melodies that release emotional tension are called recitatives.
T/F Recitative that is just accompanied by continuo instruments is called secco.
T/F Early operas, such as “Orfeo,” were simple productions for intimate gatherings.
T/F Monteverdi’s “The Coronation of Poppea” is based on a Greek myth.
T/F Lully was the leading composer of opera in France.
T/F In 17th century England, the masque was a popular type of aristocratic entertainment that combined vocal and instrumental music with poetry and dance.
T/F Purcell’s “Dido and Aeneas” was first performed at the girls’ boarding school where he taught.
T/F The aria “When I am laid in earth” is unified by a descending chromatic scale ground bass.
T/F The acceptance of Barbara Strozzi in intellectual and musical circles was typical for women in the Baroque era.