Music Test 2

The term dark ages formerly referred to the time
between 500 and 1000 CE

The two centers of power during the early Middle Ages were the church and
newly formed centralized governments led by kings

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The Frankish emperor who encouraged education and the concept of a centralized government

Why was the art music of the Middle Agees predominantly religious?
The churched patronized music extensively

The late middles ages witnessed
building of great cathedrals, founding of universities, and rise of the bourgeoisie

Of the following, which is NOT a major literary landmark of the middle ages
Cervantes’ Don Quixote

During the Middle Ages the status of women
was raised through the concept of chivalry held by knights and idealized in music

Of the following which does not represent the thinking of the Renaissance?
an exclusively religious orientation

What characterizes humanism?
all of the above

Which historical event did not take place in the Renaissance?
the writing of the Magna Carta

All of the following were Renaissance artists except

Why is Renaissance painting considered to be more realistic than medevial painting?
Renaissance painters created a perspective that made it possible to see the whole world simultaneously

Which institution supported music in Renaissance society?
church, city and state, and the aristocratic courts

Renaissance musicians could make their living in all of the following ways except:
professional orchestra conductor

The two centers of power in the Middle Ages were the feudal Lord and the state

Most of the surviving music from the early Middle Ages is secular

The knowledge of early civilizations and the culture of the Middle Ages were preserved largely in monasteries

Although feudal society was male dominated, the status of women was raised by prevailing attitudes of chivalry and devotion to the cult of the Virgin Mary

The Renaissance was characterized by an increased awareness of the cultures of learned civilizations

The early exploration of the New World took place during the Renaissance

Renaissance painters preferred symbolism to realism

The Renaissance first came to flower in France

The Renaissance saw the rise of amateur musicians and home making music

_____ is traditionally associated with collecting and organizing the chants of the church
Pope Gregory

Which of the following does not characterize Gregorian chant?
triadic harmonies

Why does Gregorian chant sound so different from other types of Western music?
there is no harmony

A setting of Gregorian chant with two to four notes per syllable might be considered:

Early notation suggested melodic contours using small ascending and descending signs called:

The service in the Roman Catholic Church that symbolically reenacts the sacrifice of Christ is:
the Mass

The portion of the Mass that remains the same in every celebration of the service is called:
the Ordinary

The portion of the mass that changes from day to day, depending on the feast celebrated is called
the proper

what is the primary language of the Mass

Of the following, which does not describe life in the medivial cloister
being at the center of trade and commerce

IN addition to composing music, Hildegard of Bingen was known for
all of the above

Of the following, which woman was a religious leader and a prominent figure in literature and music?
Hildegard of Bingen

For which liturgical occasion was Hildegard’s Alleluia, O virgica mediatrix sung?
a feast day for the Virgin Mary

IN what part of the liturgy does the Alleluia occur
Mass proper

What genre of vocal music was not used int Renaissance church services

Why does Renaissance music sound different from medieval music?
all of the above

What best describes the texture of the ideal Renaissance sacred music

The fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the Renaissance was called:
a cantus firmus

Which of the following make up the movements of the ordinary of the mass
Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei

The first section of the Ordinary of the Mass, a plea for mercy in ABA form, is called
The kyris

Which section of the ordinary of the mass is a confession of faith
the credo

What is a cantus firmus
a fragment of Gregorian chant or a secular tune used as the foundation of a polyphonic Mass

How does the Renaissance motet differ from its medevial predecessor
it only had one text in latin

Which early Renaissance composer exerted a powerful influence on generations of composers who followed

Josquin Ave Maria..

. virgo serena is an example of

a motet

The text of Ave Maria… virgo serence is
in praise of the Virgin Mary

What is the musical asis of Josquins Ave Maria…

virgo serena?

a Gregorian chant in the top voice, the freely composed

Of the following, who was a leader in the Protestant Reformation?
Martin Luther

After the Protestant revolt of the early sixteenth century, the Roman Catholic church responded with a movement to recapture the loyalty of its people. This was known as
The counter reformation

Which of the following was not a recommendation of the council of trent
to use more instruments to embellish music

Which composer responded to the reforms of the council of trent in an exemplary fashion

Of the following, which describes the intended performance practice for the Pope Marcellus Mass
It would have been sung by an all-male choir with boy sopranos or male falcettos

Of the following which best describes the texture of the pope Marcellus mass
six voice polyphony

The Introit is the first movement of the Ordinary of the Mass

Like the Renaissance motet, a polyphonic setting of the Mass was often based on a cantus firmus

The Renaissance motet became a sacred form with a single latin text

Josquins career centered exclusively in his native France

Josquins sacred works do not use preexsisiting melodies

The reform movement in the Catholic church brought about by the Protestant Reformation was called the Counter Reformation

The council of trent took place in the mid-sixteenth century

The dense counterpoint in the Pope Marcellus Mass obscures the words

The upper voice parts of the Pope Marcellus Mass were sung by boy sopranos or adult males with high voices

Secular music was integral to medivial court life, supplying entertainment and ceremonial and dance music

The 14th century witnessed a decreased focus on secular music

Sumer is icumen in is one of the earliest examples of secular polyphony

Since Machaut was a cleric in the church, he wrote only sacred music

Machaut’s chanson Puis qu’en oubli is a ballade for three voices

Although the learned vocal music of medieval church and court was routinely written down, much instrumental music was improvised

Improvisation was a technique employed in instrumental dance music of the Middle Ages

Bas instruments were used frequently for outdoor occasions during the Middle Ages

Who composed the chanson Puis qu-en oubli?

Which of the following does not characterize a Puis qu’en oubli?
It has a monophonic texture

What is the form of a rondeau

Medieval instruments can be classified as bas or haut meaning
soft or loud

An end-blown flute with a breathy tone is called
a recorder

The medieval ancestor of the modern trombone is
the sackbut

troubadors and trouveres are medieval post musicians

Of the following which is not a fixed poetic form

Early songs in the Latin, such as those in Carmina burana were created by
students in university towns

Which of the following was not a subject reflected in the poems of the troubadors and trouveres
the rebirth of classical learning

In Germany, aristocratic poet musicians were called

sumer is icumen in exemplifies what compositional device?

Music of the fourteenth century developed a style that became known as
the ars nova

the outstanding composer poet of the ars nova was

the French courtly love song of the Middle Ages was called the

The earliest type of polyphony was

Polyphony required the development of
rhythmic modes

The Notre Dame style of polyphony in which the tenor line was based on a preexsisting chant melody and the upper voice moved freely and more rapidly was called

the early polyphonic genre that resulted from the addition of texts to all voices was called
the motet

The order of church service and the structure of each service are known as the liturgy

A setting of plainchant with many notes per syllable is called syllabic

the modes served as a basis for the European art music for less than one hundred years

Hildegar of Bingen wrote both the poetry and music for alleluia, o irga mediatrix

Hildegards alleluia o virga mediatrix has a neumatic text setting with some melismas

The form of Alleluia, O virga mediatrix is AAB

Organum was freely composed with no preexsisiting basis

An early center for the development of polyphony was the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris

Hildegard of Bingen was a leader of the Notre Dame school of early polyphony

In the early middle ages, music was often written in fixed patterns of long and short notes known as rhythmic nodes

The motet differs from organum with its emphasis on triads

melodic decorations

Tabo and tambourine are what type of instruments
Tabor and tambourine

Where did the rondes become popular?
in the city and at the courts of the nobility

What is the pavane
The stately court dance

Ronde means
round dance

Ronde is performed
In a circle

The madrigal originated in

Italian and English _____, French ______
madrigals, chansons

Early master of the Italian madrigal
Jacques Arcadelt

Expressive devices
word painting

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