Music test#1

Topics: ArtSingers

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Last updated: December 8, 2019

Harmony
Important to most western music

Tone
A musical pitch produced by steady, definite vibrations

Pitch
Determined by frequency of it’s vibrations

Interval
The distance between two pitches

Unison
Two singers can create monophonic music, even if an octive apart

Staff
generally has 5 horizontal lines.

Legato
Notes thats are smooth and connected

Staccato
Notes that are short and detached.

Triad
A three-note chord

Tonic
The first note of any scale built on the first step of the scale and sounds very stable and complete

Chord
A group of notes that are played or sung together

Arpeggio
A chord thats broken up and played one note at a time

Piano
Soft

Mezzo piano
Medium soft

Pianissimo
Very soft

Forte
Loud

Messi forte
Medium loud

Fortissimo
Very loud

Crescendo
Gradually louder

Decrescendo
Gradually softer

Tempo
Rate or speed

Largo
Slow

Allegro
Somewhat fast

Presto
Very quick

Major scale
The pattern ww1/2www1/2

Minor scale
Sounds sadder the 3rd scale degree is lower a half step

Chromatic scale
Includes all piano notes, white and black keys

Sharp sign
Raise the note by a half step

Flat sign
Lowers the note by half step

Natural sign
Cancels out a flat or sharp sign

Key signature
Flats and sharps are places at the beginning of each line to show what key the work is played in

Modulation
Shifting from one key to another within a single composition

Key
The term used to describe a central note, scale, or chord

Embellish
Means to add or change notes in the melody

Phrases
Short sections of melodies

Cadence
Resting point in a melody

Imitation
A round of canon results from this compositional technique

Binary form
AB form

Ternary form
ABA form

Canon or round
Polyphonic genre incorporating strict imitation

Monophony
One melodic line with no accompaniment

Homophony
A single predominant line of music with accompaniment

Polyphony
Two or more melodies of equal interest

Soprano
Highest female voice type

Mezzo soprano
Mid range female voice type

Alto
Lowest female voice

Tenor
Highest male voice

Baritone
Mid range male voice

Bass
Lowest male voice

Pizzicato
Technique of plucking a violin string with finger

Chamber ensemble
Small group of instruments where each player plays his or her own part

Orchestra
A large group of instruments from different families

Syllabic
If each word is set to a separate note the musical line is

Mellismatic
One syllable spread over several several notes in a melody

Vernacular
Texts for secullar music in the moddle ages were written in this style.

Gregorian chant
Developed in middle ages and always sung in latin

Hildegarde of bingen
An abbess, composer, an author

Guillaume de machaut
A french composer who wrote first complete polyphonic setting of the ordinary of the mass

Beatriz of Dia
A troubadour and noblewoman

Renaissance man
A term used to indicate someone who is well educated in many areas

Palestrina
A composer credited with returning church music to simplicity of earlier times

Council of trent
Investigated every aspect of religious discipline, including church music.

A cappella
Music sung without accompaniment

Counter reformation
The catholic churches’ response to spread of protestantism

Madrigal
Italian renaissance secular musical genre with sentimental or erotic poetry

Chanson
A french secular song

Lied
A german secular song

Word painting
A technique in music to represent literal meaning of text–instrumental

Organum: “Viderunt omnes” (All Have Seen)
Ee ou sounds

Josquin de prez “ave marie”
Says ave maria

Farmer “fair phyllis”
Says fair phyllisSound like “puppy dog”

Dowland “flow my tears”
Says flow my tears at beginning

Praetorius: three dances from terpsichore
Only musical piece

Harmony
Important to most western music

Tone
A musical pitch produced by steady, definite vibrations

Pitch
Determined by frequency of it’s vibrations

Interval
The distance between two pitches

Unison
Two singers can create monophonic music, even if an octive apart

Staff
generally has 5 horizontal lines.

Legato
Notes thats are smooth and connected

Staccato
Notes that are short and detached.

Triad
A three-note chord

Tonic
The first note of any scale built on the first step of the scale and sounds very stable and complete

Chord
A group of notes that are played or sung together

Arpeggio
A chord thats broken up and played one note at a time

Piano
Soft

Mezzo piano
Medium soft

Pianissimo
Very soft

Forte
Loud

Messi forte
Medium loud

Fortissimo
Very loud

Crescendo
Gradually louder

Decrescendo
Gradually softer

Tempo
Rate or speed

Largo
Slow

Allegro
Somewhat fast

Presto
Very quick

Major scale
The pattern ww1/2www1/2

Minor scale
Sounds sadder the 3rd scale degree is lower a half step

Chromatic scale
Includes all piano notes, white and black keys

Sharp sign
Raise the note by a half step

Flat sign
Lowers the note by half step

Natural sign
Cancels out a flat or sharp sign

Key signature
Flats and sharps are places at the beginning of each line to show what key the work is played in

Modulation
Shifting from one key to another within a single composition

Key
The term used to describe a central note, scale, or chord

Embellish
Means to add or change notes in the melody

Phrases
Short sections of melodies

Cadence
Resting point in a melody

Imitation
A round of canon results from this compositional technique

Binary form
AB form

Ternary form
ABA form

Canon or round
Polyphonic genre incorporating strict imitation

Monophony
One melodic line with no accompaniment

Homophony
A single predominant line of music with accompaniment

Polyphony
Two or more melodies of equal interest

Soprano
Highest female voice type

Mezzo soprano
Mid range female voice type

Alto
Lowest female voice

Tenor
Highest male voice

Baritone
Mid range male voice

Bass
Lowest male voice

Pizzicato
Technique of plucking a violin string with finger

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