Q1. Multisided and Dialogic Argument
A dialogic argument is one that gives valid areas in a given topic without focusing solely on the speaker’s point of view. On the other hand, a multi sided argument is one that gives the writer’s point of view although it still summarizes other perceptions of the topic with the aim of trying to persuade any other point of view that may be present. A resistant audience fails to comprehend any other point of view apart from that of their own. A dialogic argument portrays the writer’s as well as the reader’s point of view, if any. It incorporates the reader rather than just stating facts to him/her. The resistant audience therefore feels that they are part of the argument.
Q2. Aim of Dialogic Argument
As the dialogic argument explores the different views concerning the particular topic, it is able to involve the whole audience. The audience feels as though it is part of the argument and not just being attacked. For writers who want responses, a dialogic argument encourages responses from the audience, be they negative or positive. It also makes the writer raise a strong argument based on different points of views rather than a biased one.
Q3. Delayed Thesis Argument
A delayed thesis argument firsts presents the values, assumptions or definitions of the topic to the audience. These are normally common to both the writer and the audience. A delayed thesis argument is a good approach to the resistant audience as it does not attack the audience, rather familiarizes the topic to it and puts it at ease. The writer captivates the audience, and thus gets it more interested.
Q4. Rogerian Argument
The strength of the Rogerian argument is that it finds a common ground for both the writer and the audience. This prevents the audience from becoming defensive but rather interactive. Resistant audiences believe only in their point of view. When a writer approaches a topic using the Rogerian argument, the audience feels incorporated and their views understood and considered. This approach also encourages the audiences to be more responsive rather than withdrawn from the topic/argument.
Q5. Essential Move in a Dialogic Argument
The first essential move when talking to a resistant audience using the dialogic argument is to bring forth the values, perceptions, assumptions and definitions common to both the writer and the audience. This prevents the ‘attack’ and ‘defend’ attitude from both the writer and the audience respectively. It also attracts the audience attention rather than drawing it away. However, at the end of the argument, the writer should be able to portray his point of view without necessarily disregarding the audience’s views.
Q6. Writer’s Ethos
The writer’s ethos is very important as it can determine whether the audience will be drawn to the topic or pushed away. If a writer portrays an attitude that indicates that his/her point of view is the correct one, then the resistant audience become disinterested and withdraw their attention from the topic. On the other hand, if the writer portrays an open-minded attitude, then the audience feels part of the argument and becomes more interested in the topic. Resistant audiences need someone who understands them rather than judging them. One’s ethos should portray the same.