Oceania was one of the three totalitarian superpowers into which the world is now divided. The ruling power in Oceania is known as the Party and headed by an evil old looking gentleman. He is the symbol of Big Brother; whose face appears all over the city on posters reading “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU.” “…the face of a man of about forty-five, with a heavy black mustache and ruggedly handsome features” (P.90) The Party’s rule is supported by four Ministries: The Ministry of Love, the Ministry of Peace, the Ministry of Plenty, and the Ministry of Truth. The four Ministries all severed different purposes.
” The Ministry of Truth, which concerned itself with news, entertainment, education, and the fine arts; the Ministry of Peace, which concerned itself with the war; the Ministry of Love, which maintained law and order; and the Ministry of Plenty, which was responsible for economic affairs.” (P.92) The government controls everything, basically that way you live. The slogan the party uses is”WAR IS PEACE”” FREEDOM IS SLAVERY”” IGNORANCE IS STREGNTH”This slogan simply means that, though Oceania is going through war situations, and people are behaving like peace is everywhere, they could easily change from one state of emotion to another state according to the demands of the Party. Simply it implies that the Party created these slogans to ensure continuation of control and power over people because during wars nations unite and people focus on their common enemy, and less on how unhappy they are with their own lives.Winston Smith a member of the outer party, is a guy who witnesses depression, physical and mental brutality. The place where he lives, the government uses propaganda, telescreens, and the Thought Police to maintain control and power.
The telescreens are placed in every citizens home and it was like they were under surveillance. The party viewed sex and personal affairs, because they didn’t want couple forming unbreakable relationships. “The aim of the party was not merely to prevent men and women from forming loyalties which might not be able to control.” (P.148) Also if you were to get married you would have to be approved by a committee. It feels as if they are in jail, reader get a lonely depressed vibe reading the first book.
Winston begins dairy writing about the place where he lives and how he thinks about freedom and the future. Privacy is a crime, Winston knows he can be punished if caught with the dairy. So, he also keeps his back faced toward the telescreen.
At first, he didn’t know what he was going to particularly write about. So, he starts reminiscing about the past trips to the movies where he met this guy O’Brien. O’Brien, a member of the Inner Party who seems to carry the same feelings about the Party that Winston harbors. Winston notices that he is being watched by a dark-haired woman from the fiction department at Miniature was spying on him. Fearing the worst, Winston thinks about killing her, but instead he quickly heads home. He began to explainhow his hatred for all women especially young pretty women. This one girl who worked in the fiction department caught his eye… he hated her cause he wanted to sleep with and he thought she was a member of the thought police.
Winston also mentioned he was married to a lady named ‘Katharine’. She left Winston because after many failed attempts of trying to create a baby. Katharine hated sex “As soon as he touched her she seemed to wince and stiffen… She would lie there with shut eyes, neither resisting nor co-operating but submitting” (P.
149) She didn’t describe their sexually encounters as something she wanted, she described them as something that had to be done. “She had two names for it. One was ‘making a baby’ and the other was ‘our duty to the party’…” (P.150) Winston also recalled a time where he had sex with a prostitute where there were no witnesses. “It was really the paint that appealed to me, the whiteness of it, like a mask, and the b right red lips… There was nobody in the street, and no telescreens.
She said two dollars…” (P.146) “When I saw her in the light she was quite an old woman, fifty years old at least. But I went ahead and did it just the same.” (P.
151) Winston Smith is afraid of being caught by the thought police because of the crime he committed by writing in the dairy and being opposite of the party. Winston feels like that’s no hope for him. Winston memory was unclear, he began to wonder about the disappearance of his mother which he thinks he has something to do with it also he remembers the time before the party took over. He was unwilling to understand the offering his mother was trying to give him because he was so young and selfish. He let his mother and sister starve, because he was being greedy, and unwilling to cooperate. Winston no longer had any love or emotion any more, he also had a younger sister. Winston dreamed of a sunny springy turf called the Golden Country, a place he couldn’t remember see in real life… The dream was a message about the beauty and peaceWinston was lacking in his life. Winston claims that the history book states that the Party created airplanes yet he is unsure.
Winston had a friend named Syme who was very intelligent, who would be considered a threat to the part. Winston and Syme were in the mix of creating an eleventh edition of the Newspeak, to make creating thought crimes less able to commit. “In the end we shall make thoughtcrimes literally impossible, because there will be no words in which to express it. (P.136) Syme knows that Winston has committed thought crimes and will turn him in if he knew how Winston really felt about the party. “… although well knowing that Syme despised him and slightly disliked him, and was fully capable of denouncing him as a thought-criminal if he saw any reason for doing so.” (P.
138)Every day the residents must join the Two Minute Hate. The Two Minute Hate is film where folks are gathered to watch Goldstein face on a telescreen, which creates an imaginable hate towards him. Goldstein is old opposing president of Eurasia who is for the people, but the people are totally brainwashed by Big Brother. Big brother is the government, he looks like an old mean surgent. Winston neighbor children are members of the Junior Spies, accuse him of thoughtcrime. The Junior Spies is an organization of children who monitor adults for disloyalty to the Party, and frequently succeed in catching them. ” ‘child hero’ was the first generally used had overheard some comprising remake and denounced his parents to the thought police” (P.
110) Winston works at the Ministry of Truth (Minitrue, in Newspeak), the branch of the government responsible for the production and dissemination of all information. Winston’s job is to alter or rectify all past news articles which have since been “proven” to be false. Only once has he ever held in his hands absolute proof that the Ministry was lying. Winston himself was engaged in altering the past at the Ministry of Truth and knew every well how the processworked.
But there had been one incident which stood out in his memory, convincing him that lies could not become truth.