On the 29th of June in 1995, the SampoongDepartment Store in Seoul, South Korea, completely collapsed. The collapse isthe deadliest modern building collapse until the attacks in New York city. Thetragedy happened because of multiple errors made by the designers andcontractors who built the store and the negligence of the store owner.
The structure was built on top of a landfill, it wasoriginally designed for an office building but midway through construction thechairman wanted to make it into a department store. Many engineers that wereworking on the project warned the owner Joon that the changes were dangerousbut he fired them. In the disaster that occurred, 1500 people were insidethe building and got trapped in which over 500 died and 937 received non-fatalinjuries. The rescue team was not able to start their search till the next daydue to risk of further collapse and rescuers would be at risk, figure 1illustrates the department facilities for each story