Type: Controversial Essays
Sample donated: Ruby Steele
Last updated: August 27, 2019
On november 2017, the trump administration declared that the Burmese government’s brutal violence on Rohingya constitutes “ethnic cleansing”. According to the United Nation Commission experts, “ethnic cleansing” is defined as “a purposeful policy designed by one ethnic or religious group to remove by violent and terror inspiring means the civilian population of another ethnic or religious group from certain geographic areas”. Since the killings of the border troops that happened in October 2016, thousands of Rohingya refugees fled out of Myanmar and the exodus has became a humanitarian crisis.
Horrifying stories have been frequently reported. Such as the Myanmar military, with the help from the local Rakhine people, burning down the Rohingya villages (Will, 2017), carrying out more than 3000 executions and beheadings of Rohingyas including children (Zainul, 2017), raping Rohingya women (Liam, 2017) and planting landmines. However the government of Myanmar claims such report are false or distorted. According to the United Nations, currently, so many Rohingyas have been forced outside of their home that only about one third of the Rohingyas, who used to live in Myanmar now remain in the country. From such condition and violation that Rohingyas are going through, international observers term this issue as “Ethnic cleansing” or “Genocide”.Human rights advocates maintain that the administration’s use of the label “Ethnic cleansing” is likely to work as an international pressure campaign against the Myanmar governments and that there is a chance that it will come to the stage to include an international arms embargo and a suspension of military relations.4.Who are protecting the Rohingyas?Under the international pressure, the government of Myanmar has tried to come up with a solution to this issue like setting up a commission under Kofi Annan, the former United Nation Secretary General, however they have yet to come up with any resolution.
Moreover, Aung San Suu Kyi, a winner of nobel peace prize and the country’s de facto leader, has been widely condemned for her remarks on Rohingya, as well as her controversial silence on the violence that are being inflicted upon them. Her response to the international anger and condemning her on being silent was;”I’m not saying there are no difficulties “I’m not saying there are no difficulties. But it helps if people recognise the difficulty and are more focused on resolving these difficulties rather than exaggerating them so that everything seems worse than it really is”, which is a speech she told over Singapore’s Channel News Asia in December 2016.However It does not mean that she has done nothing.
Aung San Suu Kyi has actually embraced the recommendations to revise the country’s citizenship law in August 2015. However just hours after that report was made public, Araka Rohingya Salavation Army (ARSA) carried out its attacks, prompting the military crackdown (Washington Post), which prevented her from making further action, which ended up making no changes overall. Although her failure and her lack of attempt to protect the Rohingyas is disappointing the country and the rest of world, there are defendants of her claiming that the power of military, which still wields great power and control over a lot of the things in the country, is keeping her from making decisions for resolution.
On an international basis, the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR, 2017) has been working with the Government in a new project called”family counting”, which is an exercise to collect data on the estimated 536,000 newly arrived refugees and their needs. So far, the exercise has counted 17,855 families and more than 70,000 individuals (United Nation News Centre, 2017)In addition to the United Nation Aid, there has been a lot of international assistance for the Rohingya refugees. For example on 26th of September 2017, the government of Japan made about 4 million U.S dollars aid to grant to the emergency for the Rohingya refugees. Furthermore, since October 2016, the U.
S. government has provided nearly 63 million dollars in humanitarian assistance for vulnerable communities throughout the region.5.Conclusion