Only basis. “A person’s personality or socialization are

Only a minority of the
population are involved in violent crimes, despite this, people with no or
little first-hand experience with violent crime believe that the world is more
dangerous and mean than it is in reality, and are generally more afraid of
getting victimized than they need to be (e. g. Chandler 1995, McQuivey 1997). Fear Victimization paradox is constituted by one’s
ability to master involvement in a violent crime. Fear Victimization paradox
exists independently of the likelihood of involvement in crime, it can happen
despite the likelihood an individual could be very likely become involved in a
violent crime; “a truck driver in the middle of the night at a rest area, its
fear of crime might not be high because it thinks that it has control over such
a situation” (Sandman 1993; Sparks and Ogles 1990). Vanderveen (2003) posits
that “men usually think they can handle it. Women feel more vulnerable”, in
reality however, men are more likely to become a victim of a crime (Bureau of
Statistic and Research 1996). Research has indicated that facts and
figures have no influence on the people’s perception of crime, furthermore,
that the media is just one of many variable factors to be taken into account
when analysing prevalent fear of crime, whether on an individual or societal
basis. “A person’s personality or socialization are variables which have to be
taken into account” (McQuivey, 1997). Older
people have a great fear of becoming a victim of crime because they believe
they are more vulnerable than younger members in society (Carcach et. al.,
2001). Their physical fitness and strength has declined leaving them in a
weakened state, and therefore possibly targeting them as easy victims as they
are less likely to be able to defend themselves (Carcach et. al., 2001). Gerbner et
al (1980) confirmed his previous research in those individuals who watch more
television than average showed a higher rate of fear towards their environment,
than those who watch less. More recently Dowler (2003) found that even when
taking into account factors such as race, age, gender, income, education and
marital status, those individuals whom watch more crime shows tend to exhibit a
significantly higher rate of being fearful of crime (Dowler, 2003). Dowler went
on to discover that hours of watching television news programs did not have a
significant relationship with higher levels of fear of crime.


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