Metaphor: comparison of 2 unlike things, implies the comparison by stating one thing IS another thing.Extended Metaphor: Comparison between 2 unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem
A recurrent image,idea, or theme. Author may use an object, color, or emotion to enhance story he is trying to tell.
Authors choice of words taking into account correctness. clearness, and effectiveness.
Diction four levels
Formal: impersonal and elevated use of language. It is often characterized by complex words.Informal: Lang that is correct but conversational.
Type of lang used everyday.Colloquial: Refers to way things might be different to other parts. It is a local slang, accent.Slang: type of speech characterized by exaggeration or shortened words.
Stated: directly told to the reader by a character in the story or narrator.
Implied: revealed to the reader through the actions, thoughts, of the character.
Reflection of the attitude a writer takes toward a subject.Writers tone may be reflected through words, details that express emotion and bring out an emotional response from the reader.
The feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates in a literary work.
Author will choose words that appeal to the senses in order to create a feeling.
Contrast between what is expected or what appears to be and Actually is.
Contrast between what is said and what is meant ( sarcasm)
Refers to a happening/ event that is the opposite of what is expected or intended
occurs when the reader knows something about a character or situation that the characters do not know