Part 3 Test: Music

Topics: EntertainmentMusic

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Last updated: December 11, 2019

A drama that is sung
Opera

The vocal style in opera that imitates the natural inflections of speech
Recitative

It was through the musical innovations of the ____ the opera was born
Florentine Camerata

A highly emotional song in an opera
Aria

The orchestral introduction heard at the beginning of an opera
Overture

The text of an opera
The libretto

Who is best viewed as the first mater of opera?
Monteverdi

The earliest operas took their plots from
Greek Mythology

A type of English entertainment combining music, poetry, and dance was called
Masque

The greatest native-born English composer of the Baroque was
Henry Purcell

Purcell’s opera “Dido and Aeneas” was composed for:
Production at a girls’ school

Who was the librettist of Purcell’s “Dido and Aeneas”
Nahum Tate

On which epic poem was Purcell’s opera “Dido and Aeneas” based?
Virgil’s “Aeneid”

Dido sings her famous lament in Purcell’s opera “Dido and Aeneas” just prior to:
Killing herself

Dido’s Lament from Purcell’s opera is composed:
Over a ground bass

Why does the opening melodic line ascend in Strozzi’s “Amor dormiglione”?
It suggests Cupid waking

The sacred cantata was an integral part of the:
Lutheran church service

Which of the following does NOT describe a chorale?
Chorale tunes were originally conceived for polyphonic settings

During his lifetime, Back held the position of:
All of the above

Bach was most famous in his day as a performer on:
the organ

What is the form of the chorale tune “Wachet auf”?
Bar form (A-B-A)

Bach’s Cantata no. 140 has ___ movements?
Seven

The opening movement of Bach’s cantata “Wachet auf” is best described as:
A grand chorale fantasia

The duet from Bach’s cantata “Wachet auf” (movement 3) is in _____ form.
De capo (A-B-A)

Which of the following does NOT characterize an oratorio?
Elaborate scenery

The stories for oratorios are generally drawn from:
The Bible

George Frideric Handel was considered a master of:
The oratorio

_____ was born in Germany and studied in Italy, but spent much of his creative life in England
Handel

When Handel arrived in London, he established his fame by composing:
Opera’s

Late in life, Handel turned his efforts from the opera to:
The oratorio

Which of the following is Handel’s most famous oratorio, frequently performed today?
Messiah

“Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion” from “Messiah” is an example of:
A da capo aria

The famous choral climax in Part II of Handel’s “Messiah” is:
The “Hallelujah Chorus”

The first era of Western music history in which instrumental music was as important as vocal music was the:
Baroque

Which is NOT a major difference between Baroque and modern violins?
The general shape of the instrument

Of the following wind instruments, which was not made of wood?
Trumpet

Which of the following does NOT characterize the suite?
Each movement is in a contrasting key

Which of the following dance types was NOT standard in a Baroque suite?
Tarantella

A gigue is best described as:
A lively sextuple-meter dance

What is the form of each individual movement in a suite?
Binary

The concept of the suite was applied to:
All of the above

“Water Music” by Handel is best described as a:
Suite

Why is the music for Handel’s “Water Music” marked by lively rhythms and catchy melodies?
It was performed outdoors on barges

The “Alla hornpipe” movement from “Water Music” is characterized by:
Instrumental groups exchanging motivic ideas

Who was the court composer to Louis XIV that was central to the development of French opera?
Jean-Baptiste Lully

The dominant instrument in Mouret’s Rondeau is:
The trumpet

The form of the rondeau is:
A-B-A-C-A

The instrumental form based on the contrast of two dissimilar masses of sound is called a:
Concerto

The typical solo concerto has ____ movements?
Three

A concerto based on the opposition of small and large groups of instruments is called a:
Concerto grosso

Who was the greatest and most prolific Italian composer of concertos?
Vivaldi

Vivaldi was known as “the red priest” for:
The color of his hair

Vivaldi lived and worked in:
Venice

Which of the following is a well-known set of concertos by Vivaldi?
The Four Seasons

The solo instrument in “Spring”, from “The Four Seasons”, is:
The violin

Which of the following does NOT characterize “The Four Seasons”?
The concertos avoid ritornello form

The opening movement of “Spring” features:
Ritornello form

In the slow movement of “Spring” Vivaldi evokes a dog barking through:
An ostinato rhythm

Who composed the “Brandenburg Concertos”
Bach

Bach’s “Brandenburg Concertos” comprise _____ separate concertos.
Six

The accompanying group in a concerto grosso is called:
The ripieno

The solo group in a concerto grosso is called:
The concertino

What is a toccata?
An improvisatory, virtuosic keyboard work

The ____ is a keyboard form based on the principle of voices imitating each other.
Fugue

Which is NOT a contrapuntal device that alters the original theme?
Prelude

How many preludes and fugues are contained in the two “Well-Tempered Clavier” volumes?
48

How many voices are there in “The Art of Fugue”
Four

Opera buffa is comic opera from:
Italy

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