Type: Evaluation Essays
Sample donated: Angela Pena
Last updated: July 22, 2019
Part 1: Introduction 1) The Strange Career of Jim Crow, C. Vann Woodward, Civil Rights, 220 pages, and Published in 1957, then in 1966, then again in 1974 2) Summary (150 to 200 words)This book helped shape history, Martin Luther King Jr. referred to it as “The Historical Bible of the Civil Rights Movement.” In this book it starts off with the old south before the civil war then it goes to after the civil war and the struggles people went through segregation.
With slavery you had the interaction between Blacks and Whites, which can’t just go away overnight. The Southern Conservatives, Southern Radicals, and Northern Republicans had reasons to court black citizens. The North had been running the South for a while now and segregation would not have been allowed immediately after the war. After this the nouthern states withdrew from all southern affairs. The North’s attitudes change towards colored people as America started growing. Which made the Populists mad and they were willing to play the race card.
The depression of the eighties the series of Supreme Court rulings which allowed separation.Part 2: Summary of the Content (Include the following) 1) The Strange Career of Jim Crow is organized by starting with the history of the Jim Crow laws, after the civil war. Then it begins with the reconstruction and it ends with the Civil Rights movement taking you through everything that happened during these two major events. 2) The theme of the book to me was how the white supremacy always kept the blacks at the bottom of society no matter how hard they tried to earn their way up. 3) The author explains that the South wasn’t originally the cause of segregation and the Jim Crow laws. I think that the culture of America in general was imposed on the South by the North who set the “tone” for those laws. 4) Chapter 1, of Old Regimes and Reconstruction: The Author begins the book with the old south before the Civil War.
Slavery has a major influence on the south, the whites still have leadership over the blacks. Slavery was only really popular in the south during this period. Chapter 2, Forgotten Alternatives:Southerners were in control of the states, the relationships between whites and blacks were very flexible during this time. Slavery was a method in which the whites ensured the subordination of the blacks. Segregation following slavery.
Blacks were allowed, a voting booth, police forces on public transportation, and many public facilities.Chapter 3, Capitulation to Racism:In South Carolina the people were struggling with how effective the Jim Crow laws on the railroad cars would be. There was an article in the Charleston newspaper, about how ridiculous this law was and they were taking it to an extreme. They even wanted other races to pay higher taxes or setting aside certain parts of the county for the blacks to live.Chapter 4, The Man on the Cliff:During this chapter, World War I kind of helped the negroes, there were about 360,000 signed up, even though it was still segregated, they were all paid a good wage. A lot of people during this time period moved north for the industrial jobs. The Ku Klux Klan reemerged because of the pro-negro push.Chapter 5, The Declining Years of Jim Crow In 1954 the court decided to legally put an end to Jim Crow segregation in schools.
The south said they supported the new law and intended to integrate schools but the “Deep South” they procrastinated as long as they possibly could. This started the Civil Rights Movement, there were riots in the cities, and many other things.Chapter 6, The Career becomes Stranger:This chapter was an addition to the original book.
In this chapter the riots got worse and spread to many different cities. Woodward said the revolt against Jim Crow became as or more violent as Nixon’s call to end hysteria.Part 3: Evaluation of the Book 1) Is the book convincing to you? Provide examples of evidence that you think is strong? Yes, all these events that happened in the book are real.2) If you could challenge the author on something, what would that be? Why? Whatquestions would you ask the author if you could? Why did you choose the career path that you chose?Why were you so against blacks?3) What did you learn from this book that helps you better understand AmericanHistory?I’ve learned that segregation and slavery wasn’t just the south’s fault, slavery and segregation was everywhere. It was just more popular in the south.Part 4: Historical Facts1) List 7-10 Historical Facts you learned by reading this book and place them in order of importance in your opinion.
Explain/ justify your opinion of each in 2-3 complete sentences. This may be bulleted.Negroes held office in congress, I didn’t know they did that back then with segregations and everything that went on back then.The Ku Klux Klan reached the height of their power in the 1920s.There was a period after the Civil War where blacks and whites lived in the south peacefully.The blacks had their own housing “Nigger Hill,” “New Guinea,” and “Little Africa.”They Segregated black and white prisoners in state penitentiaries.The purpose of Jim Crow laws were to protect the “freedmen” (ex-slaves).The name “Jim Crow” comes from an African-American character in a song from 1832.