personal poetry glossary

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Last updated: December 8, 2019

refrain
a repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines, normally at some fixed position in a poem written in stanzaic form

tone
the attitude a writer takes toward his or her subject, characters, or audience. The means of creating a relationship or conveying an attitude or mood. By looking carefully at the choices an author makes (in characters, incidents, setting; in the work’s stylistic choices and diction, etc.

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), careful readers often can isolate the tone of a work and sometimes infer from it the underlying attitudes that control and color the story or poem as a whole. The tone might be formal or informal, playful, ironic, optimistic, pessimistic, or sensual.

imagery
Imagery involves one or more of your five senses (hearing, taste, touch, smell, sight). An author uses a word or phrase to stimulate your memory of those senses. These memories can be positive or negative which will contribute to the mood of your poem

diction
1.The choice and use of words and phrases in speech or writing

hyperbole
a deliberate exaggeration or overstatement is used in the service of truth.

allusion
A casual reference in literature to a person, place, event, or another passage of literature, often without explicit identification. Allusions can originate in mythology, biblical references, historical events, legends, geography, or earlier literary works. Authors often use allusion to establish a tone, create an implied association, contrast two objects or people, make an unusual juxtaposition of references, or bring the reader into a world of experience outside the limitations of the story itself.

Authors assume that the readers will recognize the original sources and relate their meaning to the new context.

connotation
all the emotions and associations that a word or phrase may arouse; what a word suggests beyond its basic definitions; a word’s overtones of meaning.

extended metaphor
A comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem.

symbol
Symbols of all kinds, from Alphabets to Writing Systems, Meanings of Names, National Flags, Symbols of the States, Chinese Symbols, and more.

onomatopoeia
use of a word whose sound in some degree imitates or suggests its meaning.

alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds. It serves to please the ear and bind verses

rhyme
repetition of the accented vowel sound and all the succeeding sounds in important or importantly positioned words ( examples: old-cold, vane-reign, court-report). This definition applies to a perfect rhyme.

theme
the general idea or insight about life that a writer wishes to express in a literary work.

A central idea or statement that unifies and controls an entire literary work. The theme can take the form of a brief and meaningful insight or a comprehensive vision of life; it may be a single idea such as “progress” (in many Victorian works), “order and duty” (in many early Roman works), “seize-the-day” (in many late Roman works), or “jealousy” (in Shakespeare’s Othello). 79. tone: the attitude a writer takes toward his or her subject, characters, or audience. The means of creating a relationship or conveying an attitude or mood. By looking carefully at the choices an author makes (in characters, incidents, setting; in the work’s stylistic choices and diction, etc.), careful readers often can isolate the tone of a work and sometimes infer from it the underlying attitudes that control and color the story or poem as a whole.

The tone might be formal or informal, playful, ironic, optimistic, pessimistic, or sensual. ——————————————————————————– Ask a Question: This has NOT already been asked. Leave a Comment:Name: Are you Human? (Not a Spam Bot) Q&A:???? (2/15/2012) Question has been submitted and is awaiting approval.Question: (7/5/2011)What is the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of succesive clauses, phrases, or lines? Answer: (9/13/2011)anaphora Answer: (7/31/2011)anaQuestion: (11/17/2010)what is a reference to a well-known person, place,event literary work,or artwork? Answer: (9/13/2011)allusionAnswer: (1/28/2011)allusionQuestion: (6/23/2010)What is the literary term for an expression like “I hear you clearly with my ear. Answer: (6/24/2010)onomatopoeiaQuestion: (4/18/2010)what is a literary definition for z? Answer: (10/13/2011)The end of the alphabetQuestion: (1/13/2010)which literary element is this.

he is guilty of being innocent Answer: (6/13/2011)paradoxAnswer: (1/28/2011)paradoxQuestion: (12/17/2009)what does plausible mean Answer: (6/27/2011)plausible- apparently true.Question: (12/10/2009)what the literary device for learning thru a speech Answer: (8/21/2011)auditory learner lolQuestion: (9/28/2009)what is first person point of view ???? (2/14/2012) Answer has been submitted and is awaiting approval.Answer: (8/24/2010)Where the story is told by the main character or the author.Answer: (11/1/2009)first person point of view is when a story is written in the point of view of a character or the writer. Question: (9/28/2009)what is literary term of prologue example? .

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anaphora
repetition of the same word or group of words at the beginnings of successive clauses.

assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds

consonance
repetition of consonant sounds in the middle or at the end of words

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