Petrochemicalindustry and the products coming from it, play an enormous role in daily lifeof a person. Inreality, the petrochemical industry is one of the most beneficial things inone’s own life. They are responsible for creating many of the items we useevery day. But most importantly, the petrochemical industry plays a huge rolein benefiting the economy of every country all over the world. It provides personal needs to makethe work light and breathless.
Imagine the life without fertilizers, cosmetics,gasoline, detergents, synthetic fabrics, asphalt and plastic. All of thisproducts are came from petrochemicals where derived from petroleum or naturalgas. The petrochemical industry relies heavily in natural gases or petroleum astheir raw materials and oil is one of the most important petrochemicalsubstances in manufacturing. Petrochemicalindustries uses hydrocarbons or also called as crude to take natural gasliquids from a gas processing plant and use a steam cracking process to produceolefins. Olefins are one of the basic components for a wide range of materialssuch as solvents, detergents, and adhesives. Olefins are the basis for polymersand oligomers used in plastics, fibers, lubricants, and gels. Ethylene andpropylene or olefins are the component of plastic to produce a substance usingflare with a maximum temperature to manufacture a raw material, but besides theblessing indeed by Petrochemical plants there is an implication to the peopleand in environment because of smoke that industries externalize in order tocreate a new product.
Due to continuous and long lastingemission of petrochemical which are pollutant because of high amount of carbondioxide produced by petrochemical plants. Using flare where redolent toxic andmorbid smoke passes to the atmosphere that will contribute to global warmingleading to climate change. It produce noxious chemical that can contaminate theland, wind and marine life all over the world.
Also thechemical that Petrochemical industries produced have been found that it is oneof the cause of complication in respiratory and related ailments to humanbeings and animal kingdom. In this study, it will give emphasison the possible environmental impacts and inconvenience of emission ofpetrochemical to our environment, animals and human beings especially to theresidence of Barangay Pinamucan Ibaba, Batangas City where they experience theemission of petrochemical because of enormous petrochemical industry out there.Create a systematic evaluation on the residence in Barangay Pinamucan Ibabawere in they are the most convenient Barangay in eminent and huge industry ofpetrochemical. Observe the life of the people on how they cope up in theenvironment enclosed to petrochemical plants. Determine their everydayexperiences on the gigantic machines that produce reek and toxic smell. Assessthe possible damages of emission of petrochemical in the residence health,livelihood and natural resources surrounds them.
It will also provide effectiveand concrete solution on how to minimize the effect of petrochemical to allliving things closely to petrochemical industry in Barangay Pinamucan Ibaba, BatangasCity. Petrochemicalsare one of the biggest sector of the economy that could integrate the countrywhen it comes to economic development. Because of its strong linkages upstream,midstream and downstream, the sector provides robust multiplier effects onother main sectors of the economy such as construction, electronics andcomputer, medical services, transportation and automotive, packaging,education, telecommunications, electrical and water distribution, agricultureand fishery, and furniture, among others. Residing ina rural place may have many advantages than residing in cities, but also it hasdisadvantages that some other people prefer to reside in the city.
Most of thetime, the advantages of cities are disadvantages to rural areas and vice versa. On thepositive side, Barangay Pinamucan Ibaba are rural area feature much more openspace and less crowding. Their violent and property crime rate are much lowerthan those in the cities, as we have seen. In terms of agriculture, they havean advantage on having abundant, fresh and healthy goods. Also, residing in therural area are more peacefully than urban residents do. On thenegative side, rural areas are often poor and lack the services, employment andactivities that cities have.
Teens often complain of boredom and drug andalcohol use can be high. Barangay Pinamucan Ibaba lacks in high-speed internet,a necessity in today’s economy. As a result, their economic development isimpaired. All these challenges contribute special problems in rural areas.
Onthe other hand, even if it’s one of the rural barangay the air is not freshlike before. One of the reason are the continuously expansion of thepetrochemical plant near in the said barangay. For these and other reasons,rural residents engage in poor mental health like urban residents do. Theresearchers came up with this study to notify the residents of Barangay PinamucanIbaba on what will be the possible effects of petrochemical emissions.
Most ofthe residents are lack of knowledge with regards to what said emissions.Through this study the residents who reside near the plant will be havingessential knowledge about petrochemical plant operation and the possibleeffects of it not only for their health but also to their environment andlivelihood. Through the conduct of this research, the researchers, who are STEMstudents will be provided of additional knowledge about engineering practiceswhich may help them in their future career.Theoretical FrameworkThisstudy is theoretical positions devised for examining and understanding about thepetrochemical.According to the book of Gale Science in Context(2008) the kinetic theory of gases (also known as kinetic-molecular theory) isa law that explains the behaviour of a hypothetical ideal gas. According tothis theory, gases are made up of tiny particles in random, straight linemotion. They move rapidly and continuously and make collisions with each otherand the walls.
This was the first theory to describe gas pressure in terms ofcollisions with the walls of the container, rather than from static forces thatpush the molecules apart. Kinetic theory also explains how the different sizesof the particles in a gas can give them different, individual speeds. In addition, according to Chemistry Text (2017) thecollision theory explains that gas-phase chemical reactions occur whenmolecules collide with sufficient kinetic energy. The collision theory is basedon the kinetic theory of gases; therefore only dealing with gas-phase chemicalreactions are dealt with. Ideal gas assumptions are applied. The collision theory of gasesgives the rate constant for bimolecular gas-phase reactions; it is equal to therate of successful collisions. The rate of successful collisions isproportional to the fraction of successful collisions multiplied by the overallcollision frequency.
Furthermore,petrochemical emission can also affect human’s health as well as the animals’ accordingto ewg.org (2009) Bisphenol A (BPA), a derivative of the petrochemicalbenzene essential to the manufacture of tough polycarbonate plastic and epoxyresins that are fabricated into a wide variety of modern products, includingmetal food cans, hard plastic infant formula bottles, water bottles, safetyhelmets and glasses, television, computer and cell phone housings, compactdiscs and high performance coatings. BPA is a synthetic estrogen thatresearchers have found to disrupt the endocrine system, disrupt normalreproductive system development and diminish test animals’ intellectual and behaviouralcapacity. BPA has been implicated in a lengthening list of serious chronicdisorders, including cancer, cognitive and behavioural impairments, endocrinesystem disruption, reproductive and cardiovascular system abnormalities,diabetes, asthma and obesity.