Chapter 4: Security Survey
1. The main purpose of this chapter is to define and provide a deeper understanding of security survey, as well as what they entail. The author defines it as an examination aimed at analyzing the security status of a place, institution, or even a plant with an aim of identifying the deficiencies or risks and measures that can be used to solve such. He divides the process and the definition into five components that are involved in a survey. He further describes the purpose of a survey, which he says it is not taking an action. Rather it is a basis for recommendations of an action.
2. In this chapter, the main question or problem addressed is how security surveys can be used in anticipating problems and making recommendations for action to matters pertaining security. Another key question is what guidelines are best suited for analyzing security issues in a survey in order to make the best recommendation for different security issues. The chapter also asks how surveys can be used to analyze different security issues within different realms and levels of security.
3. The most vital information in this chapter is how surveys are used for making recommendations for action. Although the chapter tackles various issues within security surveys, how they are used is most beneficial, considering that many people conduct surveys but never know how best to use them. The author further shows how each security level and area requires a specific survey in order to tackle crime. Thus, the information that surveys are used for making recommendations for action on security issues serves as the most relevant information since it helps the reader in understanding their purpose.
4. The main inferences in this chapter are the seven guidelines identified by the industrial security international for security assessment when conducting security surveys. One of the guidelines is that assets, property, people and information are the main areas to be considered during security assessment. This is so because security is meant for keeping the mentioned areas safe from crime. It further requires the analysis of different frequencies of incidents, which helps in identifying trends for prediction of where, when, how and to whom the crime is likely to occur. Additionally, it requires conducting of a reassessment annually. With these guidelines although not fully mentioned here, a reader is in a position to understand and know how to conduct as well as make use of a survey for recommending action.
5. The key concept that needs to be understood is how crime occurs as well as what instigates it and crime prevention. Crime prevention has been defined in five components, anticipation, recognition, appraisal, crime risk and initiation of an action in order to mitigate the issue. Therefore, understanding this concept about crime, one is able to predict where it is likely to occur, to whom, and at what time. Thus, understanding this concept is the key to developing a security survey that prevents crime.
6. One thing that the chapter takes for granted is that any crime is predictable and can fall under the definition of the five components. It does not recognize that criminals have their own creative mind that can use unpredictable ways of committing crime. The chapter assumes that any crime can be anticipated, such as where it is likely to occur depending on the situations such as dark corners. However, crime could occur even where it is not anticipated. The survey assumes that crime always starts at predictable areas or places that can be anticipated, while the truth is that criminals could commit crime even in the most unlikely areas.
7a. If people take seriously, what the author is saying in this chapter, there is a likelihood of reducing crime significantly in areas where crime is on the rise. The author is trying to say that using security surveys will enable better recommendations for action when it comes to combating crime. Thus, one of its implications is finding the best actions for preventing crime, consequently helping in reducing crime.
7b. On the other hand, if people fail to take up what the author is saying in this chapter, it will increasingly become hard to deal with crime since the risks that could instigate crime will not be anticipated while measures of dealing with crime will be hard to formulate. The information in this chapter requires people to conduct security surveys to identify ways of dealing with crime. Failing to use surveys will mean such ways will not be identified. The end implication is an increase in crime.
Can all crimes be anticipated and predicted in terms of the five components? Is there a relationship between security surveys and reduced crimes? Apart from recommendation for action on crime, can the surveys serve any other purpose?