Type: Definition Essays
Sample donated: Gilbert Pope
Last updated: June 27, 2019
Pikard 2009) HIV guidance and testing is known awisdom an effective and pivtical strategy for both HIV and various (Lyons,2005). 60% of these young people are adolescent between 14-19 age or, the human immune, deficiency, variousand acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS epidemic is one of the mosthuman and development affects facing the whole people the current times.
HIV one the heavier affecting in humanbehaviors are certainly and destructive to the humanist (Adekeye 2006-2010) or repetitionby the attachment united nation methods HIV various UNAIDS 2010). The most heavily affected the Saharan Africanaccounted for 69% of HIV/various remains the region infection the whole country70% of new HIV/AIDS infection among adolescence, 90% of new HIV infection amongadolescences, the nation all account for 75% of the worlds, enabling unaffectedindividuals to remain uninfected and those infected to planned for the futureand protecting HIV transmutation to others, this achieve through helping bycounseling who offer fear and posttest counselor, HIV infected and by formingthey are a protect to promoting acceptance core and provide helping system. 1.1 BackgroundIn Addis Ababa University students are among theheavily sexually and high HIV problem adolescence population collection, but unfortunatelyvoluntary counseling testing up take very law 38% -40% among this group population,examining the factor to fustily HIV prevention and protect efforts, voluntary guidanceand testing (VCT) is one among different approaches which have been implementedas an attempt to show the transmutation of HIV infection and minimize itsaffect at the individual family and society level, voluntary counseling test isperceived to be an effect strategies in problem lower among sexual activity adolescencepeople live tertiary level Addis Ababa university student.Ethiopia is one of the country with the mostincidence of HIV various affected is sub African country, the first two peoplewere diagnosed with AIDS in 1986 and since then the country has had many deathsdue to AIDS the point understanding in 2007 should that the number of peopleincluding 59% where females, the national adult HIV prevalence in similarityyear stated to be 2.1% of which 7.8% was from urban and 0.
9% from rural area.Accounting to the 2008 AIDS understanding in Ethiopian people between 18-20 yearhad the most the prevalence of HIV guidance and testing have been organized as the key enter point to prevalencecare, helping to organizing theimplication of the HIV refers and make infancies alternative for the further. 1.2 Statement of the ProblemThe support of HIV/AIDS analyze adolescence in AddisAbaba is 4.5% same study attitude the high the prevalence of HIV and AIDS the adolescentto poor understanding or analysis of source of transmit ion, the shortage ofrelevant knowledge attitude problem and friendly sources of youth, HIVuniversal is many threat to youth understanding. (Absenca.Degu.alemu 2002) the prevalence of HAIV andADIS among adolescent in Ethiopia 4.
8% how to protect transmission is the firststep to avoid inflection, this especially significance for adolescent and youthwho in 2007 accounted 3% of new HIV infection, comprehensive and perfectlyknowledge of HIV among group is un acceptable law in most country, most ofaffecting HIV/ADIS the youth people most promoting in academic transmission. 1.3 Voluntary HIV CounselingTestingIs a methods in which individual or copies under 90counselor to enable them to make informed alternative about being testing forHIV/ADIS, the interview understanding most be totally that of the couple orindividual being testing HIV counseling and interpret and analyzing have beenidentify as the key to privation, core transferring and helping sources,voluntary HIV consular test is universal as one the same potentially effectiveand affordable processes for decreasing the translation HIV developing country,the reports identify adolescence people to HIV and practically the probabilityof adolescent some women, nonetheless, this has not transferring into addingutilization of the voluntary HIV counselor sources (Sharqual, 2006) 1.4 Definition Key Term ConceptAdolescence: the task of define adolescence challenge ofdifficulet.adolesence is variable for example, culture, history, individual andsociety. Translation from child hood to adult hood that is marked by differentphysical, understanding and social, cultural change (Ajdukavic, 1998) Attitude. The tendency of predisposing ascertain manner andrelatively to evaluate think believes. Feeling.
Behavioral individual’s .groupinstitution towards social important object (Hagg.Vavghan.2008)Counseling: theprofessionalsubfiledofdealswiththedidgonsisortreatmentofpeoplewithmentalpsychologcal problem social, acadamic, health, andvocational. (Fentvine, Fietcher 2004),the other to organize himself, herself better to attain from the free form byadjusting to a situations. Discrimination: is an expirations of individual attitude, interest,motivation socio economic status important create and maintain to create single assumptioninequality (Pcorber, aggleten, 2002) an action or think based on stigma and directed indifferent stigmatization social process used to crate and maintains socialcontrol to produce and reproduce social inequality or dis opportunity 1.
5 Research ObjectiveThe researcher objective of the study to: · understandingyouth knowledge voluntary HIV counselor or and testing · Establishingyouth attitude towards testing for HIV · Determine factorthat influence voluntary HIV counseling to testing utilization · Understanding ofHIV counselor in testing in the environmental affecting in human behavioral. 1.6 Research Question1. How can to wordsof HIV counseling? 2. Why did you comeattitude towards HIV counseling? 3.
How can HIV/AIDSare exist? 1.7 Delimitation of the StudyThey are many important to be study on the subjectof male partner association on (prevention of mother to child transmission(PMTCT) line up, such as accessibility ease of use and quality of service.However, this study is donated to the examination of the knowledge, attitude ofmale partner to words the PMTC, to make it convenient the study is demitted tothe health centers those currently providing the PMTCT services in Addis Ababasub city. 1.
8 Operational DetentionThe study of participant economic position isdevelopment on the basic of their instruction level, wealth index, andwork-related stats, primary each sub value are grouped into the categorize andthe old together, this summation index gave a value range from 2 to 9, participantare categorize as low (Scores 2-5), middle (score 6-7), and high (score 8-9),religion is categorize in two group the christen and the Muslim, respondent wholisted religion as, other, are excluded from the organize interpreter becausethe sub group is low (n= 130), an HIV/AIDS related knowledge index areestablished from the answer to seven questions, the questions an knowledge ofHIV prevention and four an miss-conceptual about made of HIV transmutation, itis categorize are low (Scope ? 4, high score 5-6), or comprehensive (score 7)knowledge. To order to assess their sexual behavior the background,participants are given right questions related to their sexual behavior. Priorto the survey, these were combined into an index of problem sexual behaviorwith three categories. No problem (score 0) same risk (score 1) and highproblem (score ? 2) the seven questions that reflected negative attitude aboutpeople living with HIV/AIDS are sued to create a stigma index, and the attitudeof HIV counseling testing are to participant in student and adult to protecttransmission methods in the HIV/AIDS diseases at the guidance up take inrelation to HIV/AIDS related knowledge, HIV/AIDS related stigma and problem thesexual behavior history among the Addis Ababa university students, and theattitude indifferent HIV counseling are inflame in student to partner andinnovation transmit ion, voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) is one ofthe key strange in the HIVAIDS privation and control program me in Ethiopia. However,utilization of this services among university student are very low, the aim ofthe present study is to investigate factor associated with VCT utilizationamong university student since student are less likely the women to be offeredand accept routine HIV testing.
2. MethodologyThe process used to collect information and data forthe purpose of analysis interpret organizing the materials, a system of breadprinciple or rules farm which specific methods or presses used in particulararea of study or activity and systematic theoretical analysis of materials.2.1 Research DesignThe experiment design methods to understanding surveymethod are employed activity in methods to assess about HIV ability in differentvoluntarily HIV guidance and testing services as well as influence affectingthey are these service by adolescence Addis Ababa University student to use methodssurvey participant to cheek asking the question the Addis Ababa University studentin different asking question attitude to words of HIV guidance.
Preventationand testing. 2.2 Population(Burns. Grove, 2001) the population organization orsummarize in terms of the whole population and sampling method is studypopulation is an whole of the element constricting some common sit of criteria:organize in terms of the most population method of a treat and samplingmethods, the population aggregate population in this study all Addis Ababauniversity student age form 20-24 year in reenrolled performance .motivation.Ability and adaptation academic year, the study populations are about 7 nation owneduniversity in Addis Ababa town organization area and the total number ofstudent. 2.3 SampleThe sample actual size for the deal organize.
identify .summarize simplify used one sample population or proportionalfunctional number or indicated below, 8% was the expected, power, because, couldallows batter transforming, since. the level they probably that will beproduced using to different at a groupsignificant level. the sample size thestudy used understanding the population to single activity to study the computed actual sample size.(Joubert, Chrlich 2007), the computed randomlyactivity size for the study used one sample preparation, the samplingprocedures to organization in samplingin very low representative actualreforming in calculating in population and the selecting in whole population tointerpret in small group member of the population. 2.4 Procedure(Van Dalen 1999) proportional sampling provides the trialwith a way of achieving get repetitive in the sample of the population.
A multi sample technique will importantexperiment, the researcher randomly by collection university owned Addis Ababauniversity administration, the research incorporated all Addis Ababa universityadministration the researcher determine the number Addis Ababa be done theproportional sampling producers, the researcher selected the student universityin Addis Ababa methods the techniques used in appropriate the methods samplingmethods to organization and understanding the techniques. 2.5 Data CollectionThe respondent organization change characteristics self-administration questioners, thisquestions pretested important the same providers and with the sameunderstanding the group, the respondent formed in pre testing of understanding the method didnot activity in the actual study, thepre testing finding showed that the questions were on the aggregate willdeveloped, for this important of evaluate the reliability of the sue mechanicalcronbach alpha correlation coefficient test were performed and the values mechanical of the use of instrument. 2.6 Data Collection ProcedureThe respondents were understanding given common fromthe population, one competed these were endorsement in Boxes provide by thestudy instrument experiment to cheek theboxes was sealed, order to understanding the preserve enmity the fixed time were not attached the to the instrumentquestioner additional boxes were provided for gaud each. The property orcharacteristics investigation, headed the questioner to the respondent after throughexplanation after information constant had been obtained, the data collect therespondent value summarize populationselected in very significant point to askingin different questioning one by one student and given in to collecting onedepartment or college of the faculty office and to understanding thequestioning.
The data collage procedure one in text book or research paperreading in labeling reading materials methods. 2.7 Data Entry and Analysisthe principle of evaluating characteristics understanding the questioner to ensure that each one handed have been fuelling the answered, thequestioner were the coded and the data analyzes interpret , organization areproceed by using statically package for social science (SPSS) for organize.summarize .simplify using theinstrument for methods windows, the result are magnification in the form offrequency table and defected raw table to select sampling representation in activityin order to cheeked an over assumption ofthe finding of illustrated. 2.
8 Research Instrumentthe experiment develop characteristics the questions with most answered close endedquestioners, and the some open ended answer were also summarize or modify the questioningwere organizing together analysis data, information or wisdom of HIV and AIDvarious or different , knowledge voluntary HIV guidance prevention and testingservices and attitude. The following instrument research properties: · The importantdeals affecting of study were reflecting to respondent in order to obtain theretogether association and the activity in study. · The plot ofstudy was carried out and important accommodation modify the were to the studymethods.
· The Questions were to understanding importantand clear· The experiment wasavailable throughout the data. Interpret. Organize and analysis process to cheekedand modify any think aspect of the instrument might been unclear. 2.
9 Ethical ConsiderationsThe ethical defense of young was maintained throughouthis study (FMOH and federal HAPCO, 2007) the year of common in country of Ethiopian 15 year, before the studystart , ethical clearance was obtained from the searcher and ethical committeeof the faculty collage of psychology student in Addis Ababa institution will obtained fromAddis Ababa city management after communication will organizing establishing consentwill obtained from respondents before they filled in questioner, specifically.Respond at where informed in write about the objective of the study and anotherimportant benefit the prevention of HIV and AIDS, condos were used rather thanrespondent names so that the respondent would not be identifiable two boxeswere provided each grade, one for signed constant from and others for thequestions, both boxes were saved one all the form and completed questionnaire respectivelyhad been placed in them.