Pikard adolescence population collection, but unfortunately voluntary counseling

Pikard 2009) HIV guidance and testing is known a
wisdom an effective and pivtical strategy for both HIV and various (Lyons,
2005). 60% of these young people are adolescent between 14-19  age or, the human immune, deficiency, various
and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS epidemic is one of the most
human and development affects facing the whole  people the current  times. HIV one the heavier affecting in human
behaviors are certainly and destructive to the humanist (Adekeye 2006-2010) or repetition
by the attachment united nation methods HIV various UNAIDS 2010).

The most heavily affected the Saharan African
accounted for 69% of HIV/various remains the region infection the whole country
70% of new HIV/AIDS infection among adolescence, 90% of new HIV infection among
adolescences, the nation all account for 75% of the worlds, enabling unaffected
individuals to remain uninfected and those infected to planned for the future
and protecting HIV transmutation to others, this achieve through helping by
counseling who offer fear and posttest counselor, HIV infected and by forming
they are a protect to promoting acceptance core and provide helping system.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now

1.1 Background

In Addis Ababa University students are among the
heavily sexually and high HIV problem adolescence  population collection, but unfortunately
voluntary counseling testing up take very law 38% -40% among this group population,
examining the factor to fustily HIV prevention and protect efforts, voluntary guidance
and testing (VCT) is one among different approaches which have been implemented
as an attempt to show the transmutation of HIV infection and minimize its
affect at the individual family and society level, voluntary counseling test is
perceived to be an effect strategies in problem lower among sexual activity adolescence
people live tertiary level Addis Ababa university student.

Ethiopia is one of the country with the most
incidence of HIV various affected is sub African country, the first two people
were diagnosed with AIDS in 1986 and since then the country has had many deaths
due to AIDS the point understanding in 2007 should that the number of people
including 59% where females, the national adult HIV prevalence in similarity
year stated to be 2.1% of which 7.8% was from urban and 0.9% from rural area.
Accounting to the 2008 AIDS understanding in Ethiopian people between 18-20 year
had the most the prevalence of HIV guidance and 
testing have been organized as the key enter point to prevalence
care,  helping to organizing the
implication of the HIV refers and make infancies alternative for the further.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The support of HIV/AIDS analyze adolescence in Addis
Ababa is 4.5% same study attitude the high the prevalence of HIV and AIDS the adolescent
to poor understanding or analysis of source of transmit ion, the shortage of
relevant knowledge attitude problem and friendly sources of youth, HIV
universal is many threat to youth understanding.

(Absenca.Degu.alemu 2002) the prevalence of HAIV and
ADIS among adolescent in Ethiopia 4.8% how to protect transmission is the first
step to avoid inflection, this especially significance for adolescent and youth
who in 2007 accounted 3% of new HIV infection, comprehensive and perfectly
knowledge of HIV among group is un acceptable law in most country, most of
affecting HIV/ADIS the youth people most promoting in academic transmission.

1.3 Voluntary HIV Counseling

Is a methods in which individual or copies under 90
counselor to enable them to make informed alternative about being testing for
HIV/ADIS, the interview understanding most be totally that of the couple or
individual being testing HIV counseling and interpret and analyzing have been
identify as the key to privation, core transferring and helping sources,
voluntary HIV consular test is universal as one the same potentially effective
and affordable processes for decreasing the translation HIV developing country,
the reports identify adolescence people to HIV and practically the probability
of adolescent some women, nonetheless, this has not transferring into adding
utilization of the voluntary HIV counselor sources (Sharqual, 2006)

1.4 Definition Key Term Concept

Adolescence: the task of define adolescence challenge of
difficulet.adolesence is variable for example, culture, history, individual and
society. Translation from child hood to adult hood that is marked by different
physical, understanding and social, cultural change (Ajdukavic, 1998)

Attitude. The tendency of predisposing ascertain manner and
relatively to evaluate think believes. Feeling. Behavioral individual’s .group
institution towards social important object (Hagg.Vavghan.2008)

Counseling: theprofessionalsubfiledofdealswiththedidgonsisortreatmentofpeoplewithmentalpsychologcal       problem social, acadamic, health, and
vocational.  (Fentvine, Fietcher 2004),
the other to organize himself, herself better to attain from the free form by
adjusting to a situations.

Discrimination: is an expirations of individual attitude, interest,
motivation socio economic status   important create  and maintain to create single assumption
inequality (Pcorber, aggleten, 2002) an action or  think based on stigma and directed in
different stigmatization social process used to crate and maintains social
control to produce and reproduce social inequality or dis opportunity

1.5 Research Objective

The researcher objective of the study to:

youth knowledge voluntary HIV counselor or and testing

youth attitude towards testing for HIV

Determine factor
that influence voluntary HIV counseling to testing utilization

Understanding of
HIV counselor in testing in the environmental affecting in human behavioral.

1.6 Research Question

How can to words
of HIV counseling? 

Why did you come
attitude towards HIV counseling?

How can HIV/AIDS
are exist?

1.7 Delimitation of the Study

They are many important to be study on the subject
of male partner association on (prevention of mother to child transmission
(PMTCT) line up, such as accessibility ease of use and quality of service.
However, this study is donated to the examination of the knowledge, attitude of
male partner to words the PMTC, to make it convenient the study is demitted to
the health centers those currently providing the PMTCT services in Addis Ababa
sub city.

1.8 Operational Detention

The study of participant economic position is
development on the basic of their instruction level, wealth index, and
work-related stats, primary each sub value are grouped into the categorize and
the old together, this summation index gave a value range from 2 to 9, participant
are categorize as low (Scores 2-5), middle (score 6-7), and high (score 8-9),
religion is categorize in two group the christen and the Muslim, respondent who
listed religion as, other, are excluded from the organize interpreter because
the sub group is low (n= 130), an HIV/AIDS related knowledge index are
established from the answer to seven questions, the questions an knowledge of
HIV prevention and four an miss-conceptual about made of HIV transmutation, it
is categorize are low (Scope ? 4, high score 5-6), or comprehensive (score 7)

To order to assess their sexual behavior the background,
participants are given right questions related to their sexual behavior. Prior
to the survey, these were combined into an index of problem sexual behavior
with three categories. No problem (score 0) same risk (score 1) and high
problem (score ? 2) the seven questions that reflected negative attitude about
people living with HIV/AIDS are sued to create a stigma index, and the attitude
of HIV counseling testing are to participant in student and adult to protect
transmission methods in the HIV/AIDS diseases at the guidance up take in
relation to HIV/AIDS related knowledge, HIV/AIDS related stigma and problem the
sexual behavior history among the Addis Ababa university students, and the
attitude indifferent HIV counseling are inflame in student to partner and
innovation transmit ion, voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) is one of
the key strange in the HIVAIDS privation and control program me in Ethiopia. However,
utilization of this services among university student are very low, the aim of
the present study is to investigate factor associated with VCT utilization
among university student since student are less likely the women to be offered
and accept routine HIV testing.




2. Methodology

The process used to collect information and data for
the purpose of analysis interpret organizing the materials, a system of bread
principle or rules farm which specific methods or presses used in particular
area of study or activity and systematic theoretical analysis of materials.

2.1 Research Design

The experiment design methods to understanding survey
method are employed activity in methods to assess about HIV ability in different
voluntarily HIV guidance and testing services as well as influence affecting
they are these service by adolescence Addis Ababa University student to use methods
survey participant to cheek asking the question the Addis Ababa University student
in different asking question attitude to words of HIV guidance. Preventation
and testing. 

2.2 Population

(Burns. Grove, 2001) the population organization or
summarize in terms of the whole population and sampling method is study
population is an whole of the element constricting some common sit of criteria:
organize in terms of the most population method of a treat and sampling
methods, the population aggregate population in this study all Addis Ababa
university student age form 20-24 year in reenrolled performance .motivation.
Ability and adaptation academic year, the study populations are about 7 nation owned
university in Addis Ababa town organization area and the total number of

2.3 Sample

The sample actual size for the deal organize
.identify .summarize simplify used one sample population or proportional
functional number or indicated below, 8% was the expected, power, because, could
allows batter transforming, since. the level they probably that will be
produced using to different  at a group
significant  level. the sample size the
study used understanding the population to single activity  to study the computed actual sample size.
(Joubert, Chrlich 2007),  the computed randomly
activity  size for the study  used one sample preparation, the sampling
procedures to organization  in sampling
in very low  representative actual
reforming in calculating in population and the selecting in whole population to
interpret in small group member of the population.


2.4 Procedure

(Van Dalen 1999) proportional sampling provides the trial
with a way of achieving get repetitive in the sample of the population.  A multi sample technique will important
experiment, the researcher randomly by collection university owned Addis Ababa
university administration, the research incorporated all Addis Ababa university
administration the researcher determine the number Addis Ababa be done the
proportional sampling producers, the researcher selected the student university
in Addis Ababa methods the techniques used in appropriate the methods sampling
methods to organization and understanding the techniques.

2.5 Data Collection

The respondent organization  change characteristics  self-administration questioners, this
questions pretested  important  the same providers and with the same
understanding  the group, the respondent  formed  in pre testing of understanding the method did
not activity  in the actual study, the
pre testing finding showed that the questions were on the aggregate will
developed, for this important of evaluate the reliability of the sue mechanical
cronbach alpha correlation coefficient test were performed and the  values mechanical of the  use of instrument.

2.6 Data Collection Procedure

The respondents were understanding given common from
the population, one competed these were endorsement in Boxes provide by the
study instrument experiment to cheek  the
boxes was sealed, order to understanding the preserve enmity the fixed time  were not attached the to the instrument
questioner additional boxes were provided for gaud each. The property or
characteristics investigation, headed  the questioner to the respondent after through
explanation after information constant had been obtained, the data collect the
respondent value summarize  population
selected in very significant   point to asking
in different questioning one by one student and given in to collecting one
department or college of the faculty office and to understanding the
questioning. The data collage procedure one in text book or research paper
reading in labeling reading materials methods.



2.7 Data Entry and Analysis

the principle  of evaluating characteristics understanding  the questioner to ensure that each one handed
 have been fuelling the answered, the
questioner were the coded and the data analyzes interpret , organization are
proceed by using statically package for social science (SPSS) for organize
.summarize .simplify using  the
instrument for methods windows, the result are magnification in the form of
frequency table and defected  raw  table  to select sampling representation in activity
in order to cheeked  an over assumption of
the finding of illustrated.

2.8 Research Instrument

the experiment  develop characteristics  the questions with most answered close ended
questioners, and the some open ended answer  were also summarize or modify the questioning
were organizing together analysis data, information or wisdom of HIV and AID
various or different , knowledge voluntary HIV guidance prevention and testing
services and attitude.

The following instrument research properties:

The important
deals affecting of study were reflecting to respondent in order to obtain there
together association and the activity in study.

The plot of
study was carried out and important accommodation modify the were to the study

 The Questions were to understanding important
and  clear

The experiment was
available throughout the data. Interpret. Organize and analysis process to cheeked
and modify any think aspect of the instrument might been unclear.

2.9 Ethical Considerations

The ethical defense of young was maintained throughout
his study (FMOH and federal HAPCO, 2007) the year of common  in  country of Ethiopian 15 year, before the study
start , ethical clearance was obtained from the searcher and ethical committee
of the faculty collage of psychology student  in Addis Ababa institution will obtained from
Addis Ababa city management after communication will organizing establishing consent
will obtained from respondents before they filled in questioner, specifically.
Respond at where informed in write about the objective of the study and another
important benefit the prevention of HIV and AIDS, condos were used rather than
respondent names so that the respondent would not be identifiable two boxes
were provided each grade, one for signed constant from and others for the
questions, both boxes were saved one all the form and completed questionnaire respectively
had been placed in them.











I'm Garrett!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out