PLACE 82,924 Buddhist 389 Hindu 128 Jewish 109 Muslim

Topic: EconomicsEconomic Problems
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Last updated: August 5, 2019

PLACE STUDYTORQUAYABRIEF HISTORY ON TORQUAYTorquay’s name originates in its being the quay of the ancient village of Torre. In turn,Torre takes its name from the tor, theextensively quarried remains of which can be seen by the town’s Lymington Roadthus giving this the original name of Torrequay, then Torkay, Torkey and Tor Quaybefore joining the words together to Torquay. INVESTIGATINGLOCATION AND LOCALE;Mapsare an important tool for any investigation of place. They can show thelocation of a place in relation to others and, depending on the type of mapchosen can also display physical and human features of the local area.

Theabove map is the Ordnance Survey map of Torquay showing the location.     Torquay is a seaside town in Devon, partof the unitary authority area of Torbay. It lies 18 miles south of Exeter and28 miles east-north-east of Plymouth. It is situated on the north of Torbayadjoining the neighbouring town of Paignton on the west of the bay and acrossfrom the fishing port of Brixham.

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The town’s economy, like Brixham’s, wasinitially based upon fishing and agriculture, but in the early 19th century itbegan to develop into a fashionable seasideresort, initially frequented by members of theRoyal Navy during the NapoleonicWars while the RoyalNavy anchored in the bay. Later, as the town’sfame spread, it was popular with Victorian society. Renowned for its healthful climate,the town earned the name of the English Riviera.

The arrival of the rail way in1848 made travel more affordable and widespread and Torquay became more populardue to this. DEMOGRAPGIC CHARACTERISRTICS;  Above is an extract         Marital status Number of people. Single (never married) 31,809 Married or remarried 50,891 Separated or divorced 16,207 Widowed 10,030 Religion Number of people.

Christian 82,924 Buddhist 389 Hindu 128 Jewish 109 Muslim 521 Sikh 41 Other 702 No religion 36,035 Religion not stated 10,110     Thesetwo tables above show the statistics of thePeoplethat live in Torbay  The 2011 census confirmed Torbay’s reputation as a retirement area, witha higher proportion of all age groups over the age of 50 than nationally.However, compared to 2001, age groups 75-79 and 80-85 both showed a decline ofaround 4%, compared to increases of 1.5% and 14% for the whole country.According to the 2011 census, Torquay is the home to about 65,000 people.

Andof these, 21%, are over the age of 65. This significantly higher than nationalfigure of 16.3% which also proves that Torbay is a popular retirement area.       There is very little ethnic diversity in Torquay. The 2011 populationcenses showed that about 95% of the inhabitants of the area are white British.Historically, the tourist-based economy attracted few migrants to Torbay. Therehas been a greater immigration of eastern Europeans in recent years, but thearea is still characterised by limited ethnic variations.

 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT;In 2001, unemployment in Torquay was high at6.8% – this compared with 3.9% for Devon, and 5.0% for England.      Many locals were employed in the Pontins holiday center before it was sold off.

Torquay was the home of SuttonsSeeds until it relocated to the neighboring townof Paignton in 1998, and BeverageBrands, the owners of the popular and controversialalcoholic brand WKD, wasbased in the town until 2011.     During the 19th century, Torquay grew from being a smallfishing village of 800 people into a fashionable seaside resort that attractedtourist therefore contributing to the bosting of the economy of the area. Thetable below shows the employment and unemployment status of the people livingin the area as at 2011. Employment status   Torquay – Persons (Usual residence) 2016 2011 Change   Employment status Number % Surf Coast Shire % Number % Surf Coast Shire % 2011 to 2016   Unemployed (Unemployment rate) 257 4.0 3.8 227 4.

4 3.9 +30 13004 Employed 6,242 96.0 96.

2 4,937 95.6 96.1 +1,305 13000 Employed full-time 3,588 55.2 53.3 2,872 55.6 54.

0 +716 13001 Employed part-time 2,562 39.4 41.4 2,017 39.1 40.5 +545 13002 Hours worked not stated 92 1.4 1.6 48 0.9 1.

6 +44 13003 Looking for full-time work 136 2.1 1.9 72 1.

4 1.8 +64 13005 Looking for part-time work 121 1.9 1.

9 155 3.0 2.1 -34                                                   13006 Total labour force 6,499 100.0 100.0 5,164 100.0 100.

0 +1,335   Below is an extract of a chart showing the employmentstatus of Torquay as at 2016. I have put these two representations to comparethe rate of growth of the economy of the areaEmployment status, 2016 ·        Image·        WordThe chart I have decided to introduce above shows thecomparison in the economy between 2011 and 2016.      Change in employment status, 2011 to 2016 Above is an extract of a chartI have decided to introduce above showing the comparison in the economy between2011 and 2016.     MEDIA REPRESENTATION;Media representations of Torquay have beenmixed.

For many people Torquay would always be associated with the 1970s comedyseries, Fawlty towers, loosely based on an experience the actor had whilefilming in Torquay and staying in a hotel there. A more positive representationof Torquay is that of a crime writer Agatha Christie who happened to be born inTorquay.Torquayhas got different public perceptions. In a survey carried out, tourism reportsshow that Torquay was perceived to have a classy past but an unclear present,while a range of positive and negative comments can be found on variousdiscussion forums and platforms owing to the different ways different peopletend to judge Torquay. PLACE STUDYBRICKLANEA BRIEFHISTORY ON Brick LANEWinding through fields, the street wasformerly called Whitechapel Lane. It derives its current name from brick andtile manufacture started in the 15th century, which used the local brickearth deposits and featured in the 16th century Woodcut map of London as a partially-developed crossroad leading north fromthe city’s most easterly edge.

By the 17th century, the street was beingdeveloped northwards from the Barres (now Whitechapel High Street) because ofexpanding population.   INVESTIGATING LOCATION AND LOCALE;Brick Lane is a street in east London, England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It runs from Swanfield Street in thenorthern part of BethnalGreen, crosses Bethnal Green Road in Shoreditch, passes through Spitalfields and is linked to Whitechapel High Street to the south by the shortstretch of Osborn Street. Today, it is the heart of the city’s Bangladeshi-Sylheti community and is known to some as Banglatown. It isfamous for its many curry houses.

      In the 17th century, the areasaw an influx of french Huguenots who had been driven out of france. Thestreets and surrounding areas became well known for its weaving and tailoring.Like much of the east end this area was also a heaven for immigrants movinginto london to escape persecution abroad or looking for a better life. Morerecently the area has been known as Banglatown mostly because of the largepopulation bangladesh immigrants. Evidence of peopke and communities that havegiven the Brick lane area its unique character can be seen around such as thejewish synagogue, the muslim mosque, the methodist chapel, etc. MEDIA REPRESENTATION    Media representations of Brick Lane are morenumerous and more varied. The geographical area of Brick Lane and Spitalfieldshas numerous websites devoted entirely to it, detailing everything from thebest curry houses to walking tours of the street art. The area has also becomea popular tourist destination for visitors to london and features prominentlyin most guidebooks.

Other representation of brick lane come from peopleacctually living or working there. Local poet Sally Flood has writtenextensively about Brick lane. She was anembriodery machinist for most of her working life. ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS;      Deprivation is widespread in TowerHamlets and the borough is one of the most deprived areas in the country.However, the 2015 index of multiple deprivation found fewer areas of TowerHamlets to be among the most deprived 10% in England than in 2010.Gentrification accounted for some of this trend as middle classed familiesmoved into traditionally poorer parts of London while the poor moved toborouhgs in the outskirts where housing costs and rents are lower.

The area wasranked the most deprived Lower Super Output Area (LSOA) in all london but therehave been relative improvements since then. As at 2015 it was ranked as beingin the 20% most deprived neighborhoods in the country. This is anextract from the London Borough of Tower HamletsOf the fees andcharges of street trading and I have highlightedBrick Lane toshow the comparison.  DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS     Brick Lane is mainly characterised bythe Bangladesh immigrants that are trying to evade prosecution.In the 2011 census the population ofTower Hamlets was 254,096 and is made up of approximately 48% females and 52%males.The average age of people in Tower Hamlets is 31, while the median ageis lower at 29.54.6% of people living in Tower Hamlets were born in England.

Other topanswers for country of birth were 15.3% Bangladesh, 1.5% India, 1.4% China,1.

2% Scotland, 1.2% Somalia, 1.1% Ireland, 1.1% South America, 1.1% Australia,0.8% United States.65.

8% of people living in Tower Hamlets speak English. The other toplanguages spoken are 18.0% Bengali, 1.4% French, 1.2% Spanish, 1.2% All otherChinese, 1.1% Italian, 1.0% Somali, 0.

9% Polish, 0.8% Portuguese, 0.7% German. The religious make up of Tower Hamlets is 34.5% Muslim, 27.1% Christian,18.

7% No religion, 1.7% Hindu, 1.1% Buddhist, 0.5% Jewish, 0.

3% Sikh, 0.1%Agnostic. 39,089 people did not state a religion. 702 people identified as a JediKnight and 15 people said they believe in Heavy Metal. 28.

3% of people are married, 10.3% cohabit with a member of the oppositesex, 2.0% live with a partner of the same sex, 44.7% are single and have nevermarried or been in a registered same sex partnership, 7.

6% are separated ordivorced. There are 9,732 widowed people living in Tower Hamlets. The top occupations listed by people in Tower Hamlets are Professional25.7%, Associate professional and technical 20.4%, Business, media and publicservice professionals 12.4%, Business and public service associateprofessionals 12.

0%, Managers, directors and senior officials 11.0%,Administrative and secretarial 9.9%, Elementary 9.

5%, Elementary administrationand service 9.2%, Sales and customer service 7.9%, Corporate managers anddirectors 7.7%.


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