Poem Vocab

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Last updated: December 12, 2019

alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse

consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words

assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds

onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds

rhythm
the ordered or free occurrences of sound in poetry.

meter
repetition of a stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

rhyme
similarity or likeness of sound existing between two words.

rhymed verse
verse with end rhyme usually has a regular meter

end rhyme
rhyming of words which appear at the ends of two or more lines of poetry

internal rhyme
occurs when teh rhyming words appear in the same line of poetry

couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme

heroic couplet
consists of two successive rhyming lines that contain a complete thought

metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity

simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with ‘like’ or ‘as’)

personification
representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature

hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration

imagery
the ability to form mental images of things or events

concrete poem
shape of the poem suggests something important about the poem

free verse
poetry written without regular patterns of rhyme and meter

sonnet
a short poem with fourteen lines, usually ten-syllable rhyming lines, divided into two, three, or four sections

meta poem
poem about a poem

limerick
a humorous verse form of 5 anapestic lines with a rhyme scheme aabba

ballad
Any popular narrative poem, often with epic subject and usually in lyric form.

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