Poetic Devices/Poetry terms

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Sample donated:

Last updated: December 17, 2019

cacophony: DEFINITION
D: jarring, harsh, “bad” -sounding words; words that hurt the ear and/or send a hurtful/harsh message

consonance: DEFINITION
D: repetition of CONSONANT sounds within words or phrases with dissimilar adjacent vowel sounds

cacophony: EXAMPLE
E: Beware the Jabberwocky my son, the jaws that bite, the claws that catch.

consonance: EXAMPLE
E: The baCK-paCK of iCKy baTs and other fliTTing criTTers

assonance: DEFINITION
D: repetition of vowel sounds within nearby words

assonance: EXAMPLE
E: EAting pEAs lEAves mE fEEling unEAsy.

D: the beat, rate, or measure of any rhythm movement; pattern in which something is said or experienced

cadence: EXAMPLE
E: the mad FRENZY of an upset beehive;IAMBIC PENTAMETER; the slow PACE of tired athletes walking to the locker room.

anaphora: DEFINITION
D: repetition of important words or phrases in successive clauses, paragraphs, or stanzas

anaphora: EXAMPLE
E: Because I love you, I will do anything….because I love you, there is nothing I wouldn’t dobecause I love you.

onomatopoeia: DEFINITION
D: words that mimic the sound of that word; words that sound like what they mean.

onomatopoeia: EXAMPLE
E: bubbly personality; the nervous man was blubbering his proposal of marriage while she twittered her positive response happily.

alliteration: DEFINITION
D: repetitive of initial sounds, usually consonant sounds.

alliteration: EXAMPLE
E: *Some seating is still available in the sun, Sara *All the amiable Andersons and any of their antsy friends are always welcome.

chiasmus: DEFINITION
D: words, phrases, or clauses are balanced but reversed in parallel structure.

chiasmus: EXAMPLE
E: *Unhealthy people live to eat while healthy people eat to live.*”Fair is foul and foul is fair” (Macbeth)

figurative language: DEFINITION
D: words or use of LANGUAGE to go beyond their literal meanings to give the readers new insights, to be more effective, persuasive, or impactful.

D: Using “like” or “as” or “as if” to draw a comparison between two words that would most likely not be compared.

simile: EXAMPLE
E: Her voice impacted the audience like a high-power whistle would draw alarm in a dog.

metaphor: DEFINITION
D: Creates an implied or hidden comparison between two unrelated things that share some common characteristics.

metaphor: EXAMPLE
E: He was a god on the field, making his teammates follow his every order without question.

personification: DEFINTION
D: Comparing an inanimate or un-human object or thing to a human by giving it human qualities.

personification: EXAMPLE
E: My cats talk to me as soon as I walk into the house, telling me of they want dinner, “NEow!”

oxymoron: DEFINITION
D: contradictory terms are coupled to show effect; two words with opposite meanings words together to send a message that makes sense even they the words are juxtaposed.

oxymoron: EXAMPLE
E: Wow! His attitude is PRETTY UGLY if he doesn’t get his way. In fact, he acts like a BIG BABY!

juxtaposition: DEFINITION
D: two or more ideas, characters, places, words are placed side-by-side to highlight the effect of sameness or differences.

juxtaposition: EXAMPLE
E: *(Romeo, about Juliet): “O, she doth teach the torches to burn bright!”*Grave men, near death, who see with blinding sightBlind eyes could see like meteors and be gay”

D: the arrangement of words to form logical sentences in a grammar.

In English, that is subject, verb, object.

D: the use of humor, exaggeration, sarcasm, irony to ridicule and expose the stupidity and vices of humans; often used in political reference.

hyperbole: DEFINITION
D: exaggeration for effect and to highlight

D: use of figurative language to create a picture or recreate a scene; an appeal to the senses, especially one’s sight.

antithesis: DEFINTION
D: sets up the direct opposite of one thing or person to another; use of parallel structures to set up the opposition of two ideas, things, characters.

antithesis: EXAMPLE
E: Love conquers all; it is the _________ of hatred;He is not the part he plays on stage; he is the ________ of that role.

dramatic irony: DEFINITION
D: The meaning is known to the reader or audience before it actually happens or is played out by the characters in the book or on the stage.

verbal irony: DEFINITION
D: Use of a word that has a double meaning(puns) or sarcasm; double innuendo.

situational irony: DEFINITION
D: A coincidence; a SITUATION takes place that normally would not have OR is discussed, planned, or predicted …and then it happens!

D: grouped (for rhythm and/or meaning) set of lines within a poem or song lyric

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