Poetic Terms

Topics: LifeHumor

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Last updated: November 26, 2019

Literal Language
Words that are used to mean exactly what they say

Figurative Language
Words that are used to create an image or suggest an idea

Metaphor
A figure of speech comparing two unlike things without using “like” or “as”

Hyperbole
An extreme exaggeration, used for emphasis or humor

Personification
A type of figurative language in which human traits are assigned to nonhuman objects

Simile
A figure of speech that compares two unlike things using “like” or “as”

End Rhyme
A poetic device in which the last syllable of a line rhymes with the last syllable of another line

Internal Rhyme
A poetic device in involving a word in the middle of a line and another at the end of the line or in the middle of the next

Alliteration
The use of words that begin with the same sound near one another

Onomatopoeia
The use of words that imitate sounds

Repetition
A poetic device in which a phrase, word, or sound is repeated for emphasis

Line
Subdivision of a poem, a group of words arranged into a row

Stanza
A group of lines forming a section of a poem. The “paragraph” of poetry

Rhythm
The beat of a poem

Theme
The message a poet wants you to learn from the poem, a life lesson

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