Poetry Basics

Topics: FamilyEmotions

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Last updated: November 29, 2019

Onomatompoeia
words that imitate a sound

Alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds

consonance
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words

Assonance
repetition of vowel sounds

Rhyme
similar or identical sounds near each other (usually in two or more lines of poetry)

end rhyme
the most common form of rhyme in poetry comes at the of the line

rhyme scheme
the patter of end rhymes in a poem;a, b, c

internal rhyme
places at least one of the rhymed word within the line

exact rhyme
share the same stressed vowel sounds

near rhyme
sounds almost but not exactly alike

stanza
grouping of lines in a poem

refrain
The repetition of one or more phrases or lines at definite intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza

couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme

quatrain
a four line stanza

end-stopped line
a line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation

enjambment
when one line ends without a pause and continues into the next line for its meaning

rhythm
recurrence of stressed and unstressed sounds

meter
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry

foot
metrical unit by which line poetry is measured

stress
emphasis or accent given a syllable in pronunciation

iambic pentameter
five iambic feet per line

blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter

free verse
unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern

open form
A type of structure or form in poetry characterized by freedom from regularity and consistency in such elements as rhyme, line length, metrical pattern, and overall poetic structure.

fixed form
poem that may be categorized by the patten of lined, meter, rhythm, or stanzas

narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story

epic
long narrative poem told in formal

ballad
written in deliberate imitation

dramatic poetry
uses the discourse of the characters involved to tell a story

dramatic monologue
When a single speaker in literature says something to a silent audience.

lyric poetry
expresses personal emotions

sonnet
fourteen line poem

petrarchan/italian sonnet
octave rhymed abbaabba

shakespearean sonnet
divided into three quatrains

ode
relatively lengthy lyric poem

elegy
mournful comtplative lyric poem

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