Poetry cards

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Last updated: December 12, 2019

Simile
nouna figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a description more emphatic or vivid (e.g., as brave as a lion, crazy like a fox ).the use of simile.

Metaphor
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.””I had fallen through a trapdoor of depression,” said Mark, who was fond of theatrical metaphors”synonyms: figure of speech, image, trope, analogy, comparison, symbol, word painting/picture”the profusion of metaphors in her everyday speech has gotten pretty tiresome”

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Personification
the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form.a figure intended to represent an abstract quality.

plural noun: personifications”the design on the franc shows Marianne, the personification of the French republic”

Hyperbole
nounexaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.synonyms: exaggeration, overstatement, magnification, embroidery, embellishment, excess, overkill, rhetoric; Moreantonyms: understatement

Alliteration
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

Allusion
When you allude to something else

Onomotopoeia
The word of a sound. Ex: moo

Rhyme scheme
Aba

Narrative poetry
Form of poetry that tells a story

Lyric poetry
Emotional or song like poetry, dramatic.

Sonnet
14 lines, 10 syllables per line, any rhyme scheme.

Haiku
17 syllables, 3 lines of 5,7,5 syllables.

Japanese.

Free verse
Poem that does not rhyme or have any structure.

Stanza
A “pharagraph” of peoms

Blank verse
Written in iambic pentameter, but doesn’t rhyme.

Ballad
a poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas. Traditional ballads are typically of unknown authorship, having been passed on orally from one generation to the next as part of the folk culture.synonyms: song, folk song, chantey, ditty, canzone; Morea slow sentimental or romantic song.

Irony
the expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.

Rhythm
The speed at which a poem is spoken.

English sonnet
a sonnet consisting of three quatrains and a couplet with a rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg —called also Shakespearean sonnet.

Italian sonnet
a sonnet consisting of an octave rhyming abba abba and a sestet rhyming in any of various patterns (as cde cde or cdc dcd) —called also Petrarchan sonnet.

Iambic pentameter
a line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable, for example Two households, both alike in dignity.

Form
The structure of a poem

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