Poetry Conventions/ Figurative Language

Topics: ArtSymbolism

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Last updated: December 1, 2019

Simile
a comparison of two things using LIKE or AS.Example: My love is like a red rose.

Metaphor
Comparison: One thing is said to be another.Example: My love is a red, red rose.

Extended Metaphor
a metaphor that is continued throughout the text.

Onomatopoeia
use of words to imitate sound.Example: clang, sizzle, meow, pop

Alliteration
repetition of sounds, usually consonants, in several words close together.Example: The silky, sad, uncertain rustling of each purple curtain.

Assonance
repetition of vowel soundsExample: icky ice eeks out

Personification
giving human characteristics to something non-human

Imagery
language used to appeal to the five senses

Oxymoron
A figure of speech that places two contradictory words together for a special effectExample: jumbo shrimp, old news

Paradox
A contradictory statement that has an element of truthExample: One must be kind to be cruel

Symbolism
The author’s use of an object, person, place, or event that has both a meaning in itself and stands for something larger than itself.

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