Poetry Elements

Topics: LiteraturePoetry

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Last updated: December 13, 2019

A poem’s structure is known as its ____.
form

All poems are made up of a series of _____.
lines

Many poems have lines that are grouped together in ________.
stanzas

What is the category of poetry that follows fixed rules?
traditional

What is the category of poetry that does not follow fixed rules?
organic

What are the characteristics of traditional poetry?
follows fixed rules, structured, and has regular rhythm and rhyme patterns

What are examples of traditional poetry?
epic, ode, ballod, sonnet, haiku, and limerick

What are characteristics of organic poetry?
doesn’t follow specific rules, doesn’t have regular rhythm and often has no rhyme, may use unconventional spelling, grammar, and punctuation

What are examples of organic poetry?
free verse and concrete poetry

rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in each line of poetry

end rhyme
the rhyme at the end of the line

internal rhyme
the rhyme within the lines

meter
a regular pattern of rhythm

scansion
a process of charting meter

repetition
a sound, word, phrase, or line that is repeated for emphasis and unity

alliteration
repetition of constant sounds at the beginning of words

assonance
repetition of vowel sounds in words that don’t end with the same consonant

consonance
repetition of consonant sounds within and at the ends of words

foot
the units of meter in a line of poetry

What is example of a foot?
one stressed syllable and one unstressed syllable

pentimeter
five feet in a line of poetry

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