Open form poetry
Open form poetry follows no pattern of lines, meter, rhymes, or stanza.
Poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter
Uses prose instead of using verse but preserving poetic qualities such as heightened imagery, parataxis and emotional effects.
Closed Form Poetry
A type of form or structure in poetry characterized by regularity and consistency in such elements as rhyme, line length, and metrical pattern.
Verse without rhyme, especially that which uses iambic pentameter.
Rhyme / Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of rhymes at the end of each line of a poem or song
The basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse.
Foot / Metrical Foot
A single unit of measurement that is repeated within a line of poetry.
A rare form of verse in which each line consists of a single metrical unit
A verse or line of two measurement or feet
A verse or line of three measurement or feet
A verse or line of four measurement or feet
A verse or line of five measurement or feet
A verse or line of six measurement or feet
A verse or line of seven measurement or feet
A verse or line of eight measurement or feet
Metrical feet (Iambic)
Metrical feet (Anapest)
unstressed unstressed stressed
Metrical feet (Dactyl)
stressed unstressed unstressed
Metrical feet (Spondee)
stressed stressed unstressed
Metrical feet (Trochee)
Metrical feet (Pyrrhic)
When a poem has a few lines that do not follow the same foot pattern as the other lines.
Common meter / Hymn Measure
a poetic metre consisting of four lines which alternate between iambic tetrameter and iambic trimeter
a group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse.
Couplets usually comprise two lines that rhyme and have the same metre.
A heroic couplet is a traditional form for English poetry, commonly used in epic and narrative poetry, and consisting of a rhyming pair of lines in iambic pentameter.
A tercet is composed of three lines of poetry, forming a stanza or a complete poem.
A quatrain is a type of stanza, or a complete poem, consisting of four lines.
A cinquain is a five-line poem
The last six lines of a sonnet
An eight-line poem
the act of determining and (usually) graphically representing the metrical character of a line of verse.
the patterns of rhythm and sound used in poetry.
Lyric poetry is a form of poetry which expresses personal emotions or feelings, typically spoken in the first person.
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
the recurrence of similar sounds, especially consonants, in close proximity (chiefly as used in prosody).
in poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in nonrhyming stressed syllables near enough to each other for the echo to be discernible
the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named
occurs when a line of poetry ends with a period or definite punctuation mark, such as a colon. When lines are end-stopped, each line is its own phrase or unit of syntax.
the continuation of a sentence without a pause beyond the end of a line, couplet, or stanza.
a pause near the middle of a line.
rhyme that occurs within a single line of verse, or between internal phrases across multiple lines.
a repeated line or number of lines in a poem or song, typically at the end of each verse.
a figure of speech in which the poet addresses an absent person, an abstract idea, or a thing.
a rhetorical device that consists of repeating a sequence of words at the beginnings of neighboring clauses
the production of a sense impression relating to one sense or part of the body by stimulation of another sense or part of the body.
the figure of speech in which two or more clauses are related to each other through a reversal of structures in order to make a larger point