What is poetry?
-Most conpresses form of literature.-Composed of carefully chosen words expressing a large amount of meaning and emotion.- an art form- an act of discovery
Parts of a poem
-content and theme- other poetic devices- form-rhythm-rhyme-imagery-diction-tone and mood- poetic voice and audience
Content and theme
-what is the poem about-the idea amd messages integrated into the poem. In others words, theme and content relate to the poets purpose in writing the poem.
Poetic voice and audience
The poetic voice is the speaker of the poem. This is the voice you hear in the text,which is not necessarily the poet’s, but a character/narrator the poet has created. The audience is the person or people whom the speaker is speaking.
Tone and mood
Both tone and mood greatly influence how the poem effects the reader.
The tone tells the reader how author or narrator of the poem feels. The mood refers to the atomism here that the poem creates, the emotional effect it has on the reader. Often, the tone of the poem will put the reader in a certain mood.Diction, syntax and rhythm are used to establish tone
Word choiceThe poet chooses each word carefully so that both its meaning and sound contribute to the tone and the feeling of the poemPay attention to types of words that recur in a poem. For example, a poem Nya have several words related to love, death, light, childhood, etc.When looking at diction, one must consider debits riot and connotation.
Words that are dictionary defined
The emotions, thoughts and ideas associated with and created by a word. A word can have a positive or negative connotation.
Words and phrases used specifically to help the reader experience each of the senses: sight, smell, touch, taste and hearingVarious figurative/ poetic devices can be used to created imagesImagery can play a particular importance in creating a specific emotional or intellectual response in the reader; therefore, pay attention to both individual patterns of imagery
Contributed to the musical quality of a poem, influencing the sound of it
The entire movement or flow of the poemThe poet can use rhythm to create many different effects or emphasize a certain aspect or idea in a poemPoets can use various elements to create a specific rhythm.
Poets can use various elements to create a specific rhythm
Syllable stressEmphatic stress: a poet may choose to place emphasis on a particular we’d or phrase to achieve a specific effect such as reinforcing tone or meaningPhrasing and punctuation: word order, sentence length, punctuation marks, repetitions, line or stanza breaks can all contribute to tone and meaning of a poem.Word sounds: a poet may choose words that are short, abrupt, harsh sounding, soft or long to create a certain effectMeter: the organization of stressed and unstressed syllables
The way that the poem is written down on the pageThe way lines of the poem are grouped, organized or structuredExamples of poetic forms are sonnets, ballads, odes and free verse
Other poetic devices
There are a range of other poetic techniques that poets can use to contribute to the overall effect of the poem