Poetry – Parts/Forms of Poetry, Figurative Language, Sound Devices

Topic: LifeRelationship
Sample donated:
Last updated: December 15, 2019
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the BEGINNING of words (for example: slippery slope)

figurative language
writing or speech not meant to be taken literally

simile
A comparison of two unlike things using the words “like” or “as”

metaphor
A figure of speech in which something is described as though it were something else.

personification
A type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

hyperbole
A figure of speech that uses EXAGGERATION to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

imagery
Language that appeals to the five senses (used to describe how something or someone looks, sounds, feels, tastes, or smells

rhyme
Repetition of sounds at the END of words.

onomatopoeia
A word that IMITATES THE SOUND it represents (“bang,” “kerplunk,” etc.)

meter
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

stanza
A group of lines in a poem separated from other groups of lines by spaces (like a paragraph)

rhyming couplet
A pair (TWO) of rhymed lines, usually of the same meter and length

free verse
Poetry that DOES NOT HAVE a regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern

lyric poem
a poem that expresses thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse

narrative poem
A poem that TELLS A STORY and often includes a plot and characters

ballad
A SONGLIKE poem that tells a story, often dealing with ADVENTURE OR ROMANCE.

haiku
a 3 LINE Japanese verse form.

The 1st and 3rd lines each have 5 syllables and the second line has 7 syllables.

limerick
a HUMOROUS, rhyming, 5-line poem with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme

concrete poem
a poem ARRANGED IN THE SHAPE of its subject

symbol
anything that REPRESENTS SOMETHING ELSE (example: a dove is a symbol for peace)

sensory details
details that appeal to the 5 SENSES (sight, sound, hearing, taste, touch)

assonance
the REPETITION OF VOWEL sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables (for example: blade and maze)

repetition
the use of a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence MORE THAN ONCE

consonance
the repetition of similar CONSONANT SOUNDS at the END of accented syllables (for example: wind and sand)

rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

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