how many words are used in a line, used to connect ideas or to create a shape
A group of consecutive lines in a poem that form a single unit, like a “paragraph in poetry”
how words look (bold print, larger font)
thick and heavy typeface
A printing type in which the letters slope to the right; used for emphasis
The shape of the poem on the page resembles the subject of the poem
Words that are descriptions of the five senses: sight, sound, touch, smell, and taste.
Layered with meaning by word images, figures of speech, as opposed to literal language.
Intentionally exaggerated figure of speech for emphasis or effect
The use of language to create mental images and sensory impressions
A subtle comparison in which the author describes a person or thing using words that are not meant to be taken literally
An expression that cannot be understood from the meanings of its separate words but that has a meaning of its own
Refers to using words for their connection to the sense of hearing, and can convey meaning and mood or unify a work.
The repetition of the same words at the beginning of two or more adjacent words or stressed syllables
The basic rhythmic structure in verse, composed of stressed and unstressed syllables.
A sound technique in which a sound, word, phrase, or line is repeated for emphasis or unity.
The pattern of rhyming lines (e.g., ABAB, ABBA)
A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry.
Graphic Elements of Poetry
Includes capital letters, line length, and word position; also called the “shape” of a poem.
A metaphor in which the comparison is carried through several lines or even the entire literary work.
A type of narrative poem that tells a story and was originally meant to be sung or recited.
A long narrative poem, usually chronicling the deeds of a folk hero and written using both dramatic and narrative literary techniques.
Poetry that does not contain regular patterns of rhythm or rhyme.
A short poem expressing personal feelings and emotions that may be set to music and often involves the use of regular meter.
A poem that tells a story.