Poetry Terms 7th Grade

Narrative Poem
A story told in verse. Narrative poems have all the elements of a short story including characters, conflict, and plot. http://quizlet.com/1898844

Concrete Poem
A poem in a shape that suggests its subject.

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The poet arranges the letters, punctuation, and lines to create an image or picture.

Lyric Poem
A short, highly musical poem. It expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker.

Free Verse Poem
Poetry not written in a regular rhythmical pattern. Free verse poems may contain lines of any length and no rhyme scheme.

to read between the lines; to pull from the text; to infer.

Readers OFTEN have to make inferences to analyze and understand poetry.

Speaker in a Poem
The person talking in the poem. Sometimes the speaker is the poet himself, but other times it is a fictional character.

Comparing two objects using like or as. (i.e.

“as light as a feather” or “sleeping like a baby”.) http://quizlet.com/1898844

Comparing two things; but while the simile states that one thing is like another, the metaphor identifies them completely. (For example, “the child chattered like a monkey” is a simile, but “that child is a perfect monkey” is a metaphor.)

Use of words which echo their meaning in sound.

(e.g. “snap”, crackle” and “pop”! ) http://quizlet.com/1898844

The repetition words beginning with the same letter, usually a consonant. It is used to: (1) highlight the feeling of sound to intensify meaning (2) to bind words together.

(e.x. – “the burning bushes” ” Sing a song of sixpence”)

Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of rhymes in a poem.

To mark a rhyme scheme one uses the letters of the alphabet A, B, C and so on.

The formal division of lines in a poem. Many poems are divided into stanzas that are separated by spaces. Stanzas are just like paragraphs in prose.

Words or phrases that are used to create images in the reader’s mind. Images can appeal to all of the senses: touch, taste, smell, hearing and seeing

repeating words or lines in a poem. Repetition is used to emphasize a point, message/theme, or mood.


how the reader feels while reading a poem

making a reference to a famous person or event in a piece of literatureEx. – a lyrical Houdini – Houdini is an allusion to the famous magician

contrasting two things to create an image; placing two words side-by-sideEx – weak to made; cheap to paid

the repetition of vowel sounds in the middle of words in a line of poetryEx – Fleet feet sweep by the sleeping children

words that mean opposites to create an imageEx. – his lines hit as soft as iron

a play on wordsEx. – When a clock is hungry, it goes back four seconds.

Being struck by lightning is really a shocking experience!

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