Poetry Terms (8th Grade)

repetition of initial consonant sounds

the implied or suggested meaning of a word; emotional overtones of the word; what it suggests to the reader

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two consecutive rhyming lines

the literal definition of a word

figure of speech
a word or phrase that identifies or describes something in a way that is not literally true, but may be meaningful in a deeper sense.

gross exaggeration for effect

an unexpected twist; the contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually occurs

a direct comparison

the use of words whose sounds imitate natural sounds

giving an object or an animal human qualities or characteristics

rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhymes at the ends of lines in a poem.

a form of verbal irony; saying something and meaning the exact opposite, with the intent to be witty or insulting

a comparison using “like” or “as”

lines grouped together to form a division of a poem, separated from other lines by space

an object, person, place, event that stands for something more than itself; something concrete that stands for an abstract concept.

is a division or type of literature. Literature is commonly divided into three major genres drama, poetry, and prose. Each major genre is in turn divided into smaller genres.

For example, poetry is divided into narrative poetry, dramatic poetry, and lyric poetry.

Narrative poetry
is poetry that tells a story. Narrative poems present dramatic events in a vivid way, using some of the same elements as short stories–for example, plot, characters, and dialogue. Narrative poems have a narrator.

Dramatic poetry
is poetry that involves the techniques of drama. One or more characters speak to other characters who may or may not be present in the poem. A dramatic monologue is a poem in which one person addresses a listener or listeners who do not speak.

The speaker reveals his or her character by commenting on a crucial problem or conflict in his or her life.

Lyric poetry
is highly musical verse that expresses the emotions, attitudes,

is a song-like poem that tells a story, often one dealing with

is word choice. To discuss a writer’s diction is to consider the vocabulary

is a word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the senses (sight,

is the person whose voice we hear in the poem. The use of “I” does not

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