Poetry Terms (advanced)

Topics: ArtSymbolism

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Last updated: December 10, 2019

stanza
a group of lines arranged together

couplet
a two line stanza

rhythm
can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain

meter
a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

Free Verse Poetry
no repeating patterns of syllables, no rhyme, conversational, modern

end rhyme
a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line

internal rhyme
a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line

approximate rhyme
imperfect rhyme, close rhyme, near rhyme

onomatopoeia
words that imitate the sound they name

alliteration
consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words

consonance
a type of alliteration in which the repeated consonant sounds are anywhere in the words

assonance
a type of alliteration in which repeated vowel sounds are in a line or lines of poetry

refrain
a sound, word, phrase or line repeated regularly in a poem

simile
a comparison of two things using like, as, than, or resembles

metaphor
a direct comparison of two unlike things

conceit
an extended witty, paradoxical, or startling metaphor

implied metaphor
a comparison is hinted at but not clearly stated, a metaphor in which either the tenor or vehicle is implied, not stated

hyperbole
exageration often used for emphasis

litotes
understatement for effect

idiom
an expression in which the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression

personification
an object, something natural, or an animal is given life-like qualities

symbolism
a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents something else

allusion
a reference in a literary work to something famous, a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize

imagery
language that appeals to the senses

lyric poem
a short poem in first person point of view that expresses an emotion, idea, or describes a scene

ballad
a song or songlike poem that rhymes, a narrative song with a recurrent refrain

Shakespearean Sonnet
a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg

narrative poem
a poem that tells a story

concrete poem
a poem in which the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem

aural
pertaining to the sense of hearing

syllabic meter
# of syllables per line

accentual meter
the number of stressed syllables in a line is fixed, but the number of syllables is not

accentual syllabic meter
meter that is measure both by the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables and by the number of syllables per line

quantitative meter
Lines of verse divided into feet, which are scanned by syllable length rather than stress.

scansion
analysis of verse into metrical patterns

poetic foot
a group of syllables in verse usually consisting of one accented syllable and one or two unaccented syllables associated with it.

caesura
a break or pause (usually for sense) in the middle of a verse line

iambic
unaccented/accented

anapestic
unaccented/unaccented/accented

trochaic
accented/unaccented

dactylic
accented/unaccented/unaccented

spondaic
accented/accented

pyrrhic
unaccented/unaccented

monometer
a metrical line containing one foot

dimeter
a metrical line containing two feet

trimeter
a line of verse with three metrical feet

tetrameter
a line of verse with four metrical feet

pentameter
a line of verse with five metrical feet

hexameter
a line of verse with six metrical feet

heptameter
a line of verse with seven metrical feet

octameter
a line of verse with eight metrical feet

slant rhyme
rhyme in which there is close but not exact correspondence of sounds

rhyme scheme
repitition of a rhyme throughout a poem

petrarchan sonnet
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd

perfect rhyme
words are in complete aural correspondence

forced rhyme
an unnatural rhyme that forces a rhyme where it otherwise should not be

masculine rhyme
single stressed syllable rhyme

feminine rhyme
stressed syllable rhyme followed by an unstressed syllable

visual rhyme
when words look like like they rhyme but do not sound like they rhyme

tenor
the intended meaning in any figurative device

vehicle
the concrete image that is linked with the tenor

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