Poetry Terms List #15

Topics: LifeDance

Type:

Sample donated:

Last updated: December 8, 2019

alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sound

apostrophe
speaker directly addresses an absent person or an inanimate object

assonance
repetition of vowel sound (try to light the fire)

ballad
short, narrative songs (lyric poetry) often with refrains

caesura
a natural pause or break in the middle of a line of poetry

inversion
reversal of regular syntax for emphasis or surprise

ode
structured poem (3 parts) praising or glorifying an event or individual

sonnet
14 line poem usually written in iambic pentameter

free verse
poetry that has no fixed meter or rhyme scheme

quatrain
a stanza or poem of four lines

sestet
stanza with six lines

octet
stanza with eight lines

refrain
word, phrase, or line repeated regularly in a poem, usually at the end of each stanza

enjambment
running a phrase over the end of one line and into the next

meter
the rhythmical pattern of a poem in syllables (iam = 1 accented, one non-accented; anapest = 2 unaccented, one accented)

onomatopoeia
words that imitate their sound

oxymoron
combination of two opposing ideas

conceit
an unusual or surprising combination between two very different things

aubade
a poem about dawn; a morning love song

masculine rhyme
(single rhyme) a rhyme in which the repeated accented vowel sound is in the final syllable (dance, pants; scald, recalled)

feminine rhyme
the repeated accented vowel is in the second or third and last syllable of the words involved (ceiling, appealing)

euphony
smooth, pleasant sounding choice and arrangement sounds

rhetorical poetry
poetry that uses artificially eloquent language

scansion
the process of measuring metrical verse (marking accented and unaccented syllables, dividing into feet, identifying pattern)

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