Poetry Terms (Lit for Children Definitions)

Topic: EnvironmentNatural Disasters
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Last updated: December 12, 2019
-a form of paradox in which 2 contradictory words are used together

-a play on words-a word that has more than one meaning

-brief reference to a person, place, thing, idea, historical event or literary works-can deepen and enrich writing and can telegraph meaning

associations and implications that go beyond a words literal meaning

literal, dictionary meaning of a word

Direct Images
-images that engage or involve our senses -may be visual, tactile, olfactory (smell), auditory, kinesthetic, or gustatory (taste)

-mental pictures conveyed through the descriptions and word choices of the poet

Free Verse
-adheres to no set of predetermined rules-requires thoughtful and meaningful word choice and patterns

-a lyric poem written to commemorate someone who is dead or to express a speaker’s melancholy thoughts-no longer fixed patterns of lines or stanzas, but its subject should be death and its tone mournful

the use of a word that resembles the sound it denotes

repetition of consonant sounds (not at the beginning of words, but within them)

-an effective combination of sound and sense-for children it may emphasize sound rather than sense

-repetition of identical sounds (even if the words are spelled differently)

-repetition of sound at the beginning of the words

-primarily considered at the end of a series of lines, although there may be rhyming within the lines as well-mapping patterns (ABA, ABBA, ABA’B’ etc.)-convey meaning -can establish a rhyme pattern and break that pattern

a coherent unit of 4 lines(a sonnet, a highly structured poem with 14 lines and specified rhythm and rhyme schemes, may be divided into 3 quatrains and a couplet)

Rhyming Couplet
when 2 lines are paired and rhyme

Indirect Images
images that describe through comparison

a comparison using like or as

a comparison in which something else is something else

extending human qualities to an inanimate object, idea or force of nature

exaggeration that adds emphasis without being literally true

-5-line poem in which 1st, 2nd and 5th lines rhyme with each other (larger lines), while the 3rd and 4th lines rhyme with each other (shorter lines)-narrative and humorous-rollicking rhythm- attracts readers of all ages

Concrete Poetry
-when the words of a poem are so arranged that thy form a picture of the subject of the poem

contains 5 short lines, and those 5 lines contain 2,4,6,8,and 2 syllables respectively

-a short Japanese poem containing 17 syllables divided into 3 lines (5-7-5)-meaning is usually expressed through details of the senses and of nature, with a seasonal references and a transition of some kind that might make you think more deeply about these details

Ballad Stanza
-often used for narrative poetry, it typically relies on a 4-line stanza with the 2nd and 4th lines rhyming-usually contains 8 syllables per line

Narrative Poetry
-a story in verse, including a setting, identifiable characters and a plot

-a long narrative poem

Lyric Poetry
-typically expresses a single speaker’s emotional or intellectual response to a subject, a mood, or an emotion-sometimes no speaker is specified

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