Clusters of lines of a poem which function like paragraphs; may be grouped together to organize important ideas and, in some cases, develop rhyme schemes (p.668, 693)
A dramatic or literary form of discourse in which a character talks to himself or herself or reveals his or her thoughts without addressing a listener
A unit of verse consisting of two successive lines, usually rhyming and having the same meter and often forming a complete thought or syntactic unit
Poetry that does not contain REGULAR patterns of rhythm or rhyme (although it can still contain various rhythmic and sound effects); lines often flow more naturally than rhymed, metered lines (p.
repetition of *CONSONANT* sounds at the BEGINNINGS of wordsEx. “Which *c*ircle *s*lowly with a *s*ilken *s*wish”–from “Pretty Words”(p. 670)
repetition of *VOWEL* sounds in words that don’t end with the same consonantEx.
“Words shy and dappled, d*ee*p-eyed d*ee*r in herds”(p. 670, 715)
repetition of CONSONANT sounds WITHIN and at the ENDS of words(p. 670)
use of words whose sounds echo their meaningsEx. buzz, whisper, gargle, murmur(p. R109)
sound device techinque in which a sound, word, phrase, or line is reapeated for emphasis or unity(p.
Occurence of similar or identical sounds at the end of two or more words, such as suite, heat, and complete.(p. 670, R111)
Rhyme that occurs at the ends of lines of poetry(p. 670, R111)
Rhyme that occurs WITHIN a single line of poetry(p.
slant rhyme (or “off rhyme”)
words that do not rhyme exactly, but sound close(p. 791, R111)
a pattern of end rhymes in a poem; noted by assigning a letter of the alphabet, beginning with “a”, to each line, where lines that rhyme are given the same letter(p. 670)
Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry; used by poets to bring out the musical quality of language, to emphasize ideas, to create mooods, to unify works, and to heighten emotional responses.*Contributing devices used to create rhythm often include alliteration, rhyme, assonance, consonance, and parallelism.(p. 670, R111)
the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates FOR THE READER; descriptive words, imagery, and figurative language contribute to the mood of a word, as do the sound and rhythm of the language used.(p. R109)
the attitude a writer takes toward a subject; reflects the feelings of THE WRITER toward the subject of the writing.
a verse line having five metrical feet(See p. 671 number of feet chart)
one unstressed syllable is followed by one stressed syllable(See p. 671 type of feet chart),
four-line stanza, or group of lines, in poetry; most common stanza in English poetry which can have a variety of meters and rhyme schemes.(p.
metrical pattern of five feet, or units, each of which is made up of two syllables, the first unstressed and the second stressed.; most common meter used in English poetry; used in *blank verse* and in the *sonnet*Ex. “My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand”–from *Romeo and Juliet* by William Shakespeare(p. R107)
rhyming pairs of equal length (p.
14 lines, three quatrains and a concluding rhymed couplet in iambic pentameter, rhyming abab cdcd efef gg or abba cddc effe gg.(p. 674)
A term to another reference or work
something that thought to be, but is the opposite of
the art and technique of arranging shape of the poem to relate to the theme
A poem that is written in honor of someone deceased. It typically laments or mourns the death of the individual.
Narrative poem meant to be sung or orally repeated, sad events (Tragic), plot, characters, rhythm and rhyme scheme
One or more lines repeated in a stanza
where speaker addresses silent listener, as if engaged in a private conversation
doesn’t have a regular pattern of rhythm & may not rhyme; may use unconventional spelling, punctuation, & grammarfree verse, concrete poetry
follows fixed rules, such as a specified # of lines; has a regular pattern of rhythm & rhyme sonnets, odes, haikus, ballads, & epics
Poem that highly praises something, someone, etc. Serious, Formal Tone
Tells story through poetic theme from a view point.
Like a Story.
14 Line poem, usually 2 stanzas 8 lines, 6 linesStrict Rhyme