Poetry Terms: McDougal Littell Literature 9 (Master List)

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Last updated: May 4, 2019
Lyric Poetry
a short poem of songlike quality

connotation
The set of associations implied by a word in addition to its literal meaning

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stanza
Clusters of lines of a poem which function like paragraphs; may be grouped together to organize important ideas and, in some cases, develop rhyme schemes (p.668, 693)

soliliquy
A dramatic or literary form of discourse in which a character talks to himself or herself or reveals his or her thoughts without addressing a listener

Ryme couplet
A unit of verse consisting of two successive lines, usually rhyming and having the same meter and often forming a complete thought or syntactic unit

free verse
Poetry that does not contain REGULAR patterns of rhythm or rhyme (although it can still contain various rhythmic and sound effects); lines often flow more naturally than rhymed, metered lines (p.

669, R107)

alliteration
repetition of *CONSONANT* sounds at the BEGINNINGS of wordsEx. “Which *c*ircle *s*lowly with a *s*ilken *s*wish”–from “Pretty Words”(p. 670)

assonance
repetition of *VOWEL* sounds in words that don’t end with the same consonantEx.

“Words shy and dappled, d*ee*p-eyed d*ee*r in herds”(p. 670, 715)

consonance
repetition of CONSONANT sounds WITHIN and at the ENDS of words(p. 670)

onomatopoeia
use of words whose sounds echo their meaningsEx. buzz, whisper, gargle, murmur(p. R109)

repetition
sound device techinque in which a sound, word, phrase, or line is reapeated for emphasis or unity(p.

670)

rhyme
Occurence of similar or identical sounds at the end of two or more words, such as suite, heat, and complete.(p. 670, R111)

end rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the ends of lines of poetry(p. 670, R111)

internal rhyme
Rhyme that occurs WITHIN a single line of poetry(p.

670)

slant rhyme (or “off rhyme”)
words that do not rhyme exactly, but sound close(p. 791, R111)

rhyme scheme
a pattern of end rhymes in a poem; noted by assigning a letter of the alphabet, beginning with “a”, to each line, where lines that rhyme are given the same letter(p. 670)

rhythm
Pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry; used by poets to bring out the musical quality of language, to emphasize ideas, to create mooods, to unify works, and to heighten emotional responses.*Contributing devices used to create rhythm often include alliteration, rhyme, assonance, consonance, and parallelism.(p. 670, R111)

mood
the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates FOR THE READER; descriptive words, imagery, and figurative language contribute to the mood of a word, as do the sound and rhythm of the language used.(p. R109)

tone
the attitude a writer takes toward a subject; reflects the feelings of THE WRITER toward the subject of the writing.

(p. R114)

pentameter
a verse line having five metrical feet(See p. 671 number of feet chart)

iamb(ic)
one unstressed syllable is followed by one stressed syllable(See p. 671 type of feet chart),

quatrain
four-line stanza, or group of lines, in poetry; most common stanza in English poetry which can have a variety of meters and rhyme schemes.(p.

674)

iambic pentameter
metrical pattern of five feet, or units, each of which is made up of two syllables, the first unstressed and the second stressed.; most common meter used in English poetry; used in *blank verse* and in the *sonnet*Ex. “My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand”–from *Romeo and Juliet* by William Shakespeare(p. R107)

couplet
rhyming pairs of equal length (p.

674, 693)

Shakespearean sonnet
14 lines, three quatrains and a concluding rhymed couplet in iambic pentameter, rhyming abab cdcd efef gg or abba cddc effe gg.(p. 674)

allusion
A term to another reference or work

irony
something that thought to be, but is the opposite of

Concrete Poem
the art and technique of arranging shape of the poem to relate to the theme

Elegy
A poem that is written in honor of someone deceased. It typically laments or mourns the death of the individual.

Ballad
Narrative poem meant to be sung or orally repeated, sad events (Tragic), plot, characters, rhythm and rhyme scheme

Refrain
One or more lines repeated in a stanza

Dramatic Monologue
where speaker addresses silent listener, as if engaged in a private conversation

Organic Poetry
doesn’t have a regular pattern of rhythm & may not rhyme; may use unconventional spelling, punctuation, & grammarfree verse, concrete poetry

Traditional Poetry
follows fixed rules, such as a specified # of lines; has a regular pattern of rhythm & rhyme sonnets, odes, haikus, ballads, & epics

Ode
Poem that highly praises something, someone, etc. Serious, Formal Tone

Denotation
Dictionary Definition

Narrative Poem
Tells story through poetic theme from a view point.

Like a Story.

Sonnet
14 Line poem, usually 2 stanzas 8 lines, 6 linesStrict Rhyme

Disgruntled
angry, unsatisfied

Enlightened, Clever, Sympathetic

Liberal, Conservative

Empowered, Serene

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