poetry terms middle school

Topics: ArtSymbolism

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Last updated: December 2, 2019

Personification
A figure of speech in which an animal, object, or idea is given human charateristics.

Alliteration
Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words.

Rhyme
The repetition of the same or similar sounds, usually in stressed syllables at the ends of lines.

Rhythm
Musical quality created by a pattern of beats or stresses in a line of poetry.

Onomatopoeia
The use of words or phrases whose sounds suggest their meanings. The sound of the word boom, for example, suggests an explosion.

End rhyme
Rhyme that occurs at the end of lines.

Internal rhyme
Rhyme that occurs within a single line of poetry.

Stanzas
A group of lines in a poem set off by blank lines.

Symbol
A person, place, an object, or an action that stands for something beyond itself.

Simile
A comparison using like or as.

Metaphor
Direct comparison between two unlike things. It does not use the words like or as.

Hyberbole
Fiqure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or humorous effect.

Free Verse
Poetry written without a regular rhyme scheme, meter, or form.

Imagery
Language that appeals to the five senses—touch, taste, smell, hearing, and sight.

Lyric poem
Short poem that directly expresses the poets thoughts and emotions in a musical way.

Narrative poem
Poem that tells a story.

Pun
A humorous play on two or more meanings of the same word or on two different words with the same sound.

Rhyme scheme
The sequence in which the rhyme occurs. The first end sound is represented as the letter a, the second b, etc.

Simile
Comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as.

Poetry
A form of writing that uses not only words, but also form, patterns of sound, imagery, and figurative language to convey its message.

Sound devices
Techniques used to create a sense of rhythm or to emphasize particular sounds in writing.

Meter
Regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables that gives a line of poetry a predictable rhythm.

Figurative language
The use of words to create an image in the reader’s mind.

Mood
The feeling or atmosphere created by the writer.

Idiom
A phrase or expression whose meaning is different from what the words say literally.

Symbolism
A literary device where a physical object represents something else.

Repetition
A technique in which the same word or line is repeated for emphasis or unity. Helps to reinforce meaning and create an appealing rhythm.

Foreshadowing
The use of clues to suggest events that will happen later in the story.

Builds suspense.

Flashback
Technique in which the present action of a story is paused to describe something that happened in the past.

Author Style
The way an author chooses and arranges words in getting a message across or telling a story.

Irony
The use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning. The outcome of the situation is the opposite of what the readers expect.

Refrain
Stanza or line that is repeated throughout the poem.

Analogy
A comparison between two things in order to show how they are similar.

Prose
Writing that is similar to everyday speech and written language.

Connotation
The ideas and feelings assosiated with the word as opposed to its dictionary meaning.

Couplet
Rhymed pair of lines in a poem.

Denotation
Dictionary definition.

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