poetry terms Quest part 1

Topic: EnvironmentNatural Disasters
Sample donated:
Last updated: December 16, 2019
paradox
a statement that although seems contradictory or absurd may actually be well-found or true

metonymy
the substitution of a word for another closely related word

synecdoche
using part of something to represent the whole thing

antithesis
a strong contrast of words that shows opposing thoughts through opposing grammatical structures

irony
meaning the opposite of what is said

hyperbole
using exaggeration for emphasis; overstatement

literary allusion
a reference to a person, place or thing from previous literature

apostrophe
addressing someone absent or dead or something nonhuman as if it were alive and present and could reply

personification
giving human or animate qualities to an animal, object, or concept

extended metaphor
a metaphor that is developed over more than one line of poetry

metaphor
makes a comparison between 2 unlike things

simile
two dissimilar things that are compared using “like”, “as”, etc.

figures of speech
words or phrases that describe one thing in terms of another- not meant to be taken literally

ballad
a type of poem that is meant to be sung (both lyric and narrative in nature)

lyric
a brief, personal poem that uses many sound devices, as well as rhythm and meter, and is filled with emotion

narrative
a long story told in verse form (ex. epic)

direct metaphor
comparison where the literal term and the figurative term are both named

implied metaphor
comparison where the literal term is named and the figurative term implied

refrain
the repetition of a word, phrase, or line at definite intervals in a poem

repetition
repeating a word or phrase within a poem in order to:

onomatopoeia
the use of words that mimic their meaning in their sound

assonance
the similarity and repetition of vowel sounds of certain words at close intervals

consonance
the repetition at close intervals of middle and end consonent sounds of certain words

alliteration
the repetition at close intervals of the initial consonent sounds of certain words

sound devices
figures of speech that pertains to the way words sound in a line of poetry

symbol
something that means more than what it is

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