Poetry Terms Study Guide

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Last updated: November 28, 2019

metaphor
a comparison between two unlike things with the intent of giving added meaning my making the statement of inference that one is the other

simile
a comparison made between two dissimilar things through the use of a specific word of comparison such as loke, as, than, or resembles

personification
a figure of speech in which an animal, an object, a natural force, or an idea is given personality, or described as if it were human

limerick
a five- line humorous poem consisting of a specific rhyme and rhythm pattern

concrete
a poem in which the typographical arrangment of words is as omportant in conveying the intended effecct as the conventional elements of the poem

lyric
a poem that expresses a speaker’s personal thoughts or feelings

narrative
a poem that tells a story

ballad
a poem tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain

haiku
a three-line poem consisting of lines with 5 syllables, 7 syllables, and 5 syllables

imagery
language that appeals to the senses by creating pictures in the reader’s mind

free verse
poetry composed of either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set fixed metrical pattern or expectation

rhyme
the effect created when words share the same stressed consonant sounds, not necessarily at the beginning of the words

assonance
the effect created when words with the same vowel sound are used in close porximity to eachother

rhythm
the pattern of accent or stress in lines of verse

repetitiion
the repeated pccurence of a word, phrase, stanza form, or effect in any form of literature

alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse

consonance
the repetition of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words

end rhyme
a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line

internal rhyme
repetition of sounds within a line (but not at the end of the line)

onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds

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