Poetry Terms Test 1

Topics: EntertainmentMusic

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Last updated: November 25, 2019

alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words

assonance
repetition of vowel sounds

ballad
narrative poem with patterns of rhyme and rhythm that could be set to music

personification
giving human characteristics to a nonliving thing

epic
long narrative poem about a hero

imagery
sensory details

line
poetry form

line break
end of a line

metaphor
comparison of two unlike things

meter
pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables; rhythm or beat

narrative
poem that tells a story

onomatopoeia
a word that sounds like a sound (buzz, for example)

repetition
repeating of words, phrases, lines, or stanzas

internal rhyme
rhyme within one line

end rhyme
rhyme at the ends of the lines

rhyme scheme
using letters of the alphabet to show rhyming patterns

simile
comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as”

stanza
a group of lines in a poem

haiku
a three-line poem about nature

limerick
a five line, humorous poem with a rhyme scheme of aabba

soft rhyme
rhyming words that almost rhyme

extended metaphor
compares two unlike things several different ways throughout the poem

hyperbole
a great exaggeration

theme
the message or moral that applies to all people

recurring theme
the same theme found in different works from different time periods

voice
the speaker of the poem

tone
the attitude of the poet towards his subject

bias
how the background of thepoet affects his poetry

mood
the reader experiences this feeling created by words or phrases

symbol
a thing that stands for an idea

couplet
a two-line stanza

quatrain
a four-line stanza

rhyme
words that end with the same vowel and consonant sounds

rhythm
musical quality created by a pattern of beats or stressed/unstressed syllables

free verse
poetry that doesn’t have rhyme or rhythm

lyric
a short poem expressing personal feeling

ode
a lyric poem about an important topic

concrete
a poem that looks like a shape

sonnet
a lyric poem of fourteen lines written in iambic pentameter

elegy
a poem written to honor someone who has died

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