poetry terms test

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Last updated: November 29, 2019

irony
a situation where one says the opposite of what is actual or true

paradox
a statement that seems to be contradictory but that acutally presents a truth

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oxymoron
a figure of speech that fuses two contradictory or opposing ideas

allusion
a passing reference to historical or fictional characters, places, or events or to other works that the writer assumes the reader will recognize

metaphor
is a figure of speech which makes a direct comparison of two unlike objects by indentification or substitution

simile
a direct comparison between two unlike objects using like or as

personification
a figure of speech in which objects and animals are given human qualities

apostrophe
an address to a person or personified object not present

anaphora
the intentional repetition of beginning clauses in order to create an artistic effect (for example, “We shall not flag or fail.

We shall go on the end. We shall fight in France.”)

end-stopped rhyme
occcurs when there is a pause at the end of each line of a stanza.

this pause is indicated by punctuation

internal rhyme
that which is contained withtin a line of verse

meter
a rhythm of accented and unaccented syllables which are organized into patterns, called feet

metrical pattern
syllable stress and serial position

free verse
has only the natural cadence of speech

cadence
natural rhythems of speech

blank verse
has metric pattern but no rhyme

iambic pentameter
five feet consisting of unaccented and accented syllables(de dumm)(unstressed, stressed)

bestiary
a collection of fables, intended to teach a moral lesson, in which the characters are real or imaginary animals

parenthetical observation
a comment, set off by parentheses, which informs the reader without disturbing the flow of the narrative

villanelle
five tercets and a concluding quatrain that have two rhymes

sestet
a six line stanza

sonnet
a fixed form of lyric poetry that consists of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter (two basic kinds of sonnets, Italian and English)

alliteration
the repetition of consonant or vowel sound at the beginnings of the words in a line of verse

assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds in stressed syllables that end with different consonant sounds

consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds at the end of or in the middle of words in a line of poetry

synthesia
one sensory experience described in terms of another sensory experience (for example, a loud color or a sharp scent)

pun
a play on words that relies on a word’s multiple meanings

imagery
a common term of variable meaning, usually includes the “mental pictures” that a reader experiences within literature

onomatopoeia
a blending of consonant and vowel sounds designed to imitate or suggest a situation or action

sestina
poem with six stanzas of six lines and a final triplet, all stanzas having the same six words at the line-ends in six different sequences that follow a fixed pattern, and with all six words appearing in the closing three-line envoy

sound devices
resources used by poets to convey and reinforce the meaning or experience of poetry through the skillful use of sound

end rhyme
repetition of similar sounds that occur at the end of two or more lines

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