Free Verse Poem
Follow poet’s ideas instead of fixed rules. Open Form (no regular pattern of rhythm, rhyme or line length. (“The Names”)
A type of poem that tells a story. Includes a plot, character and setting (“The Highwayman” & “The Charge of the Light Brigade”)
A 5 line humorous poem with a sing-song rhythm.(“Two Limericks”)
A short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and/or feelings.
(“the earth is a living thing”, “Sleeping in the Forest” & “Gold”).
A short poem containing 17 syllables in 3 lines.Lines 1 &3 contain 5 syllablesLine 2 contains 7 syllablesCenters on a symbol that reminds readers of a season.(“Two Haikus”, “Fireflies”, & “Fireflies in the Garden”)
A poem’s shape– the way the words and lines are laid out on the page
A part of a poem that may or may not be a complete sentence- varies in length
Similar to a paragraph- each is a separate emotion or idea that contributes to a whole meaning.
Traditional Form (aka Conventional Form)
Follows a set of fixed rules such as the number of lines or the repeating of patterns of rhythm or rhyme.
“beat” heard in music, poetry and everyday speech– created by stressed/unstressed words and syllables
A repeted pattern of rhythm
a verse or phrase that is repeated throughout a poem.
True or False: Rhythm should stress key words and follow natural speech patterns
True or False: Poems that do not have meter do not have any rhythm pattern
False: Poems that do not have meter can still have rhythm
The repetition of sounds at the end of words (as in “me” and “see”)
The use of a word, phrase, or line more than once.
The repetition of the same letter at the beginning of words such as the c in ‘curved crook’.
The comparison of two unlike things using the words “like” & “as”
The comparison of two unlike things without using the words “like” or “as”
Giving human qualities to a thing that normally does not possess such qualities
The system used to mark stressed (‘) and unstressed (u) syllables in a poem.
An over-exaggeration used for effect
Two words with opposite meanings used together to create a new effect or meaning
Words that mimic sounds
May have rhyme but does not have a consistent pattern with form.