Poetry Test Review

Topics: EntertainmentMusic

Type:

Sample donated:

Last updated: November 26, 2019

Free Verse Poem
Follow poet’s ideas instead of fixed rules. Open Form (no regular pattern of rhythm, rhyme or line length. (“The Names”)

Narrative Poem
A type of poem that tells a story. Includes a plot, character and setting (“The Highwayman” & “The Charge of the Light Brigade”)

Limerick Poem
A 5 line humorous poem with a sing-song rhythm.(“Two Limericks”)

Lyric Poem
A short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and/or feelings.

(“the earth is a living thing”, “Sleeping in the Forest” & “Gold”).

Haiku Poem
A short poem containing 17 syllables in 3 lines.Lines 1 &3 contain 5 syllablesLine 2 contains 7 syllablesCenters on a symbol that reminds readers of a season.(“Two Haikus”, “Fireflies”, & “Fireflies in the Garden”)

Form
A poem’s shape– the way the words and lines are laid out on the page

Line
A part of a poem that may or may not be a complete sentence- varies in length

Stanza
Similar to a paragraph- each is a separate emotion or idea that contributes to a whole meaning.

Traditional Form (aka Conventional Form)
Follows a set of fixed rules such as the number of lines or the repeating of patterns of rhythm or rhyme.

Rhythm
“beat” heard in music, poetry and everyday speech– created by stressed/unstressed words and syllables

Meter
A repeted pattern of rhythm

Refrain
a verse or phrase that is repeated throughout a poem.

True or False: Rhythm should stress key words and follow natural speech patterns
True

True or False: Poems that do not have meter do not have any rhythm pattern
False: Poems that do not have meter can still have rhythm

Rhyme
The repetition of sounds at the end of words (as in “me” and “see”)

Repetition
The use of a word, phrase, or line more than once.

Alliteration
The repetition of the same letter at the beginning of words such as the c in ‘curved crook’.

Simile
The comparison of two unlike things using the words “like” & “as”

Metaphor
The comparison of two unlike things without using the words “like” or “as”

Personfication
Giving human qualities to a thing that normally does not possess such qualities

Scansion
The system used to mark stressed (‘) and unstressed (u) syllables in a poem.

Hyperbole
An over-exaggeration used for effect

Oxymoron
Two words with opposite meanings used together to create a new effect or meaning

Onomatopoeia
Words that mimic sounds

Unconventional/Open Form
May have rhyme but does not have a consistent pattern with form.

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